Attribution Theory Article Review by Nicky

Review of Walter J. Freeman's article "Perception of time and causation through the kinesthesia of intentional action."
# 150482 | 905 words | 3 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Feb 20, 2012 in Philosophy (History - 20th Century)

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This paper reviews and analyzes the article article "Perception of time and causation through the kinesthesia of intentional action" written by Walter J. Freeman III which addresses issues of time perception and relates these to causation and intention in human action. The paper describes the various sections of the article and explains the theories and concepts that are presented. Additionally, the paper notes that the article is both philosophical and scientific. According to the paper, the article is constructed in a logical way in order to arrive at its more complex presentations and conclusions. The review notes that the concepts are explained in very clear language, without an overflow of academic jargon, even while at the same time explicating academic concepts upon the basis of philosophy and neuroscientific research. There is a general explanation of attribution theory, which the paper cites as a valuable and interesting field of study. The paper concludes by stating that the cause and effect theories discussed in this article are an strong means for resolving conflict.

From the Paper:

"From here, the author begins a scientific exploration of the workings of the brain in terms of perception, in which he also begins to address the idea of intention. According to Freeman, perception within space and time is directly shaped by intention. Neither human being nor animal focuses the sensory organs of perception upon a phenomenon without some goal attached to it. It is this goal, according to the author, that underlies all intentional perception.
"The combination of intention and perception in relation to time is experienced as cause and effect. Since birth, human beings use the senses for the purpose of learning about the world. Information is gathered via the senses, with the result of learning about the world, time, space, and physical phenomena. This very basic sense of perception is then developed, and in many cases becomes habitual. The premise of the article is then that perceptions of time and space lie at the basis of intention, which is again at the basis of cause and effect."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • AllPsych Online. (2004). Our View of Self and Others. Heffner Media Group, Inc.
  • Freeman, Walter J. III (2008). "Perception of time and causation through the kinesthesia of intentional action" Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science. 42 (2), pp. 137-143. Postprint available free at:
  • Kearsley, Greg (2009). TIP Database: Attribution Theory.

Cite this Article Review:

APA Format

Attribution Theory (2012, February 20) Retrieved August 18, 2019, from

MLA Format

"Attribution Theory" 20 February 2012. Web. 18 August. 2019. <>