The Morality of Abortion: Marquis vs. Thomson
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This paper discusses the morality of abortion. It reconstructs both Don Marquis' and Judith Jarvis Thomson's arguments against abortion. The writer then speculates how Thomson would challenge Marquis' theory. Finally, the paper evaluates Thomson's Good Samaritan analogy and defends it as a good means of analyzing the morality of abortion.
From the Paper:"Thomson then offers a definition that she believes better describes the anti-abortionist definition of the right to life. She claims the right to life is the right not to be killed unjustly (Thomson, 57). This definition is sounder than that of the anti-abortionists because it does not require claiming rights against another person. She goes on to explore what would qualify as an unjust killing. One view may be that abortion is just only in cases of rape because the mother did not invite the fetus into her body, thereby giving it a right to her body. This view, however, presupposes that voluntary intercourse, with the knowledge that pregnancy may occur, is sufficient to say that a resulting fetus has a right to the mother's body. Therefore, to abort a fetus resulting from consensual intercourse would be an unjust killing, thus a violation of the fetus's right to life (Thomson, 58). However, opening oneself to a certain risk does not necessarily make one responsible for the possible, yet unlikely, repercussions. It would be wrong to say a person invited a car to hit him because he opened himself to the possibility by crossing the street. If a woman takes precautions against becoming pregnant, and those precautions were ineffective, it would be incorrect to say she invited the fetus into her body, thus giving it a right to remain there (Thomson, 59). Thomson raises this issue to show that, while there are cases where a fetus would have a right to the mother's body, not all cases meet this condition. Therefore, in some cases, abortion is not immoral."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Marquis, Don. "Why Abortion Is Immoral." The Journal of Philosophy 86.4 (1989): 183-202. Web.
- Thomson, Judith Jarvis. "A Defense of Abortion." Philosophy and Public Affairs 1.1 (1971): 47-66. Web.
Cite this Argumentative Essay:
The Morality of Abortion: Marquis vs. Thomson (2014, June 07) Retrieved May 13, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/argumentative-essay/the-morality-of-abortion-marquis-vs-thomson-153882/
"The Morality of Abortion: Marquis vs. Thomson" 07 June 2014. Web. 13 May. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/argumentative-essay/the-morality-of-abortion-marquis-vs-thomson-153882/>