Politics of Toleration Argumentative Essay by Champ

Politics of Toleration
This paper discusses the politics of toleration, analyzing the beliefs of John Locke and Pierre Bayle.
# 98698 | 1,917 words | 5 sources | MLA | 2007 | US


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Description:

In this article, the writer discusses two different theories regarding political toleration. The writer notes that the views discussed are those of John Locke and Pierre Bayle. The writer argues that of the two philosophies, Bayle seems more applicable to modern times particularly on the issues involving Roman Catholics and atheists. The writer maintains that the doctrine of an "erring conscience" can work better today in that it allows a person to perform an act based on his best knowledge. Further, the writer points out that it also acknowledges that there is no way to determine the difference between a right conscience and a wrong one. The writer concludes that unlike Locke, Bayle allows any view to deserve toleration but also requires the sincere but erring conscience to take diligent efforts to correct itself.

From the Paper:

"His prejudice was shared by the Whigs who were behind the 1688 Glorious Revolution, which excluded Roman Catholics from participating in English political life until the Catholic Emancipation of 1829. The spirit of this prejudice endures to this day in the Act of Settlement, which has excluded Roman Catholics from the English throne since its promulgation in 1701. Locke wrote about the bitter experience of the English nation from the leadership of a Roman Catholic monarch, Mary Tudor, under whose reign religious and civil liberty was lost. The Roman Church decreed that Queen Mary's loyalty was first of all to the Church and the Popes and not to the land. The Roman Catholic's loyalty was to the Vatican and the Vatican is a government in itself. It consists of an apostolic successor from Peter's time and a temporal power, which wields the Pope's authority over the kings of the earth. Some Roman Catholics might be rebellious and refuse to submit to the Pope's authority as God's, but this would still be the doctrinal position of the Roman Catholic Church of which they were members. Locke construed the English nation as a particular and geographically existing political commonwealth with members of its own."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Conway, David. On Deference of the Realm: the Place of Nations in Classical Liberalism. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004
  • Haakonsen, Knud, general editor. Philosophical Commentary on the Words of the Gospel "Compel Them to Come in" by Pierre Bayle. London: Natural Law and Enlightenment Classics, 1708. Retrieved February 23, 2007 from http://olldownload.libertyfund.org/Texts/LFBooks/Bayle0680/PhilosophicalCommentary/PDFs/130
  • Jenkenson, Sally L., ed. Political Writings by Pierre Bayle. Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought. Cambridge University Press: January 24, 2007
  • Milton, J. R. and Milton, Philip. An Essay Concerning Toleration by John Locke (1667). Oxford University Press, May 2006
  • Popple, William, trans. A Letter Concerning Toleration by John Locke. The History of Western Philosophy. Electronic Texts of 17th and 18th Century Philosophers: Oregon State University, 2003

Cite this Argumentative Essay:

APA Format

Politics of Toleration (2007, October 12) Retrieved July 06, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/argumentative-essay/politics-of-toleration-98698/

MLA Format

"Politics of Toleration" 12 October 2007. Web. 06 July. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/argumentative-essay/politics-of-toleration-98698/>

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