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This paper examines how climate change, globalisation and international terrorism have changed the way that the world is seen by many, and how despite this, our traditional models for the analysis of international relations have barely changed. Theories such as liberalism, conservatism and realism have either been subject to minor adaptations (as in neoliberalism) or have simply remained the same. The paper questions the relevance of such models in the modern world, arguing that the way in which the world is organised and the way in which conflicts are carried out has fundamentally changed. It argues that the state-centric approach of international relations theory of old is no longer relevant in a world where the state is simply one of a whole range of actors. The paper is particularly critical of models of international relations based on realism and the US centred approach to international relations and concludes by suggesting that, if we are to increase our understanding of international relations we must do this through a wider historical analysis of the processes by which events occur.
From the Paper:"Globalisation has changed the world. In the few years since the end of the Second World War there have been fewer and fewer inter-state conflicts and more and more intra-state conflicts, conflicts within states rather than conflicts between states (Kaldor 2007). This is particularly true in the years since the fall of the Berlin Wall and the end of the cold war. The era as a whole has been characterised by an ideological conflict between free market Western led capitalism and the various things which oppose it, from Socialist and Communist regimes such as the USSR and Cuba, through to modern day Islamic fundamentalism and anti-capitalist movements, as well as the socialism of South America. During the Cold War the majority of forces which were arrayed against the free market capitalist ideal were traditional guerilla movements which aimed at overthrowing governments and taking control of nations (Bayliss et al 2007). As a result, people such as Ernesto Guevara and Fidel Castro became heroes for many as they tried and succeeded in supplanting US puppet regimes with Marxist governance (Anderson 2000 p.10). The key aspect to recall is that such forces had as their main aim the control of the state and all of the territory and political power which went with this."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Anderson, Jon Lee (2000). Che Guevara: A Revolutionary Life. London: Avalon Travel Publishing.
- Avineri, Shlomo. (1968). The Social and Political Thought of Karl Marx. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
- Bayliss, John, Smith, Steve, Owens, Patricia. (2007). The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations. Oxford: OUP Oxford.
- Bey, Hakim. (2004). T.A.Z.: The Temporary Autonomous Zone, Ontological Anarchy, Poetic Terrorism. New York: Autonomedia.
- Bhagwati, Jagdish (2004). In Defense of Globalization. Oxford: Oxford Publishing House.
Cite this Argumentative Essay:
New Issues and International Relations (2012, February 17) Retrieved June 04, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/argumentative-essay/new-issues-and-international-relations-150442/
"New Issues and International Relations" 17 February 2012. Web. 04 June. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/argumentative-essay/new-issues-and-international-relations-150442/>