Incarceration vs. Electronic Monitoring Argumentative Essay by scribbler

Incarceration vs. Electronic Monitoring
A brief discussion on the benefits of electronic monitoring over penal incarceration.
# 152368 | 812 words | 4 sources | APA | 2013 | US
Published on Feb 03, 2013 in Criminology (Criminal Justice and Corrections)

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The paper discusses the criticism of traditional penal incarceration as well as the societal benefits of community corrections-types of approaches and other forms of alternative sentencing such as electronic monitoring. The paper notes that electronic monitoring would be completely inappropriate where a basic risk-management analysis indicates that concern for the potential for risk to society outweighs any other considerations, but in most cases, electronic monitoring would seem to be an appropriate alternative to incarceration. The paper draws the conclusion that electronic monitoring is, at the very least, likely a useful adjunct to traditional approaches to modern corrections.

Criticism of Traditional Penal Incarceration
The Societal Benefits of Electronic Monitoring

From the Paper:

"The United States imprisons members of its population at a very high rate in comparison with other nations and many jurisdictions (including the federal criminal justice system) impose strict sentencing guidelines (USSC, 2007). Critics of this approach to crime and punishment argue that harsh sentencing guidelines, as well as mandatory guidelines that cannot be adjusted by judges on a case-by-case basis unnecessarily increase the monetary and other societal costs of reliance on incarceration in addition to creating a national culture of incarcerating citizens instead of rehabilitating them whenever possible.
"Another criticism of the American criminal justice system in relation to its penal institutions is that they have been dominated for many decades by the most hardened "career" criminals (Lynch, 1999). As a result, thousands of first-time offenders and other non-career criminals who are considered potentially capable of being rehabilitated at the time that they first enter the penal system end up being socialized by the prison culture and the hardened criminals who dominate prison culture. In many cases, criminals learn only to become better criminals while incarcerated and return to society as even greater menaces than they were originally (Lynch, 1999)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Cullen FT, Eck JE, and Lowenkamp CT. "Environmental Corrections: A New Paradigm for Effective Probation and Parole Supervision." Federal Probation, Vol. 66, No. 2. 2002: 28-37.
  • Lynch MJ. "Beating a Dead Horse: Is Their Any Basic Empirical Evidence for the Deterrent Effect of Imprisonment?" Crime, Law and Social Change, Vol. 31, No. 4. 1999: 347-362.
  • Petersilia J and Turner S. "Intensive Probation and Parole" Crime and Justice, Vol. 17, 1993: 281-335.
  • United States Sentencing Commission. (2007). Guidelines; May 2007. Accessed 2 May 2010 from:

Cite this Argumentative Essay:

APA Format

Incarceration vs. Electronic Monitoring (2013, February 03) Retrieved July 28, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Incarceration vs. Electronic Monitoring" 03 February 2013. Web. 28 July. 2021. <>