Ethics of Human Cloning Argumentative Essay by The Research Group

Ethics of Human Cloning
An examination of the arguments for and against human cloning.
# 71423 | 1,840 words | 10 sources | MLA | 2003 | US
Published on Dec 01, 2003 in Hot Topics (Cloning) , Ethics (General)

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The paper examines the various positions on the issue of human cloning within a framework of ethics theory and principles. The thesis of this paper is that the arguments opposing the practice of human cloning are more persuasive than are the arguments promoting the practice. The paper notes that proponents of the process of human cloning frequently differentiate between reproductive cloning and therapeutic cloning.

From the Paper:

"Ethical principles create a framework that permits the anticipation of conflict in relation to proposed actions or decisions in a variety of situations. Such conflicts may arise through the consideration of a potential action within the context of a single ethical principle, or through the consideration of a potential action within context of the complete ethical principle framework. Individuals typically reach decisions based on ethical principles within the context of an ethical framework. The major systems of ethics prevalent in contemporary social environments are utilitarianism, deontology, and natural law (Reiser 29).
"Utilitarianism is a system of normative ethics that defines "good" as happiness or pleasure. There are two approaches to the application of the concept of utilitarianism: (a) acting to provide the greatest good for the greatest number of people; or (b) acting to achieve a stated goal, i.e., the end justifies the means. This theoretical approach underlies the arguments of many proponents of human cloning who contend that variously that (a) beneficial outcomes outweigh moral arguments or that (b) scientific investigation will not be stopped, e.g., human cloning will occur regardless of what opponents do simply because is it scientifically possible to clone a human (Zavos 397)."

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