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The paper reveals that despite its rule being fraught by violence, oppression, and crime, the Cambodian People's Party (CPP) has been the dominant political actor in Cambodia since 1979. The paper argues that the CCP's political hegemony has been maintained through its marginalization of political opposition, its coercion of voters, and a core of legitimate supporters.
From the Paper:"Coercive measures used by the CPP have effectively forced Cambodians to vote for them. The most comprehensive example of this comes from the 1998 national elections. During the lead up to this election, the CPP used it's dominance of grassroots levels of government to utilize what has been coined the 'thumb print campaign'. This campaign effectively forced voters to pledge allegiance to the CPP. Concurrently, and perhaps more decisively, the campaign convinced voters that they were being constantly watched by the CPP and its supporters. When combined with the campaign's spreading of rumors about violent reprisals for opposition to the CPP, voters were unwilling to show any opposition support. Furthermore, when voters went to the booths, they feared that they were still being watched and hence the safest option was to vote for the CPP. In all, the campaign forced voters to believe that any sign of opposition to the CPP, whether in day-to-day life or in the booths, was an immense risk. Therefore, it can be said that coercive measures used by the CPP have had an influence on the voting tendency of many Cambodians."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Brinkley J. 'Cambodia's Curse', Foreign Affairs, Vol. 88, Iss. 2, 2009, pp. 111-112.
- Croissant A. 'From Transition to Defective Democracy: Mapping Asian Democratization', Democratization, Vol. 11, Iss. 5, 2004, pp. 156-178.
- Hughes C. 'Cambodia in 2008: Consolidation in the Midst of Crisis', Asian Survey, Vol. 19, Iss. 1, 2009, pp. 206-212.
- Hughes C. 'Surveillance and Resistance in the Cambodian Elections: The Prisoner's Dilemma?', in Funston J. and Singh D., eds., Southeast Asian Affairs 1999, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1999, pp. 91-110.
- International Crisis Group, Cambodia: The Elusive Peace Dividend, Asia Report No. 8. Brussels: International Crisis Group, 2000, pp. 1-12.
Cite this Argumentative Essay:
CPP Political Hegemony in Cambodia (2010, November 25) Retrieved July 14, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/argumentative-essay/cpp-political-hegemony-in-cambodia-145722/
"CPP Political Hegemony in Cambodia" 25 November 2010. Web. 14 July. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/argumentative-essay/cpp-political-hegemony-in-cambodia-145722/>