Affirmative Action in the Public and Private Sectors Argumentative Essay by scribbler

Affirmative Action in the Public and Private Sectors
An examination of affirmative action policies in the public and private sectors and their effectiveness.
# 152371 | 2,504 words | 4 sources | APA | 2013 | US

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The paper explores affirmative action in both the public and private sectors and then looks at Title VII requirements in the workplace. The paper looks at which employers are subject to affirmative action plans, what employers are required to do to conform to affirmative action policies and the consequences of non-compliance. The paper draws the conclusion that affirmative action is both an appropriate response to the cultural or social obstacles preventing the advancement of minorities, and an effective way of applying pressure on those private and public institutions which have historically helped to stimulate racial inequality.

Affirmative Action in the Public Sector
Affirmative Action in the Private Sector
Interaction With Title VII Requirements
What Employers are Subject to Affirmative Action Plans?
What Are Employers Required To Do?
Consequences of Non-Compliance

From the Paper:

"The controversy surrounding affirmative action is highlighted in such contexts as the public sector, were taxpayer's money is used to facilitate operations. Those who have objected to the implications of Affirmative Action on the basis of its use of racial qualifiers to determine certain eligibilities are particularly inclined toward hostility to the policy in the public sector context. This proceeds from the argument that the use of racial qualifiers is a racialist policy that is inherently unconstitutional. The result is that many such programs as they are carried out in the public sector are especially vulnerable to objection and ineffectiveness.
"So denotes the article by Bates (2009), which reports that one specific effort related to Affirmative Action in the public sector has been met with just such a degree of obstruction. According to Bates, minority business enterprises (MBEs) who work with government clients have been targeted as a group intended to receive advantages in funding opportunities as a way of elevating minority business classes in the United States. However, "current public sector preferential procurement policies have evolved in an environment of legal constraints in which procurement spending targeting MBEs has often been viewed as reverse discrimination. The objective of achieving a "level playing field" was adopted in response to this legal environment. Preferential procurement policies often miss their objectives, achieving perverse outcomes such as minimal assistance to MBEs and negligible local economic development impacts." (Bates, 180)"

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Bates, T. (2009). Utilizing Affirmative Action in Public Sector Procurement as a Local Economic Development Strategy. Economic Development Quarterly, 23(3), 180-192.
  • Fowler K.T. (1999). Affirmative Action for the Better. In Motion Magazine.
  • Jackson, J. (2000). Race and Racism in America. National Forum.
  • National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). (2008). Teaching With Documents: The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. General Records of the U.S. Government. Online at

Cite this Argumentative Essay:

APA Format

Affirmative Action in the Public and Private Sectors (2013, February 03) Retrieved November 28, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Affirmative Action in the Public and Private Sectors" 03 February 2013. Web. 28 November. 2023. <>