Absolutism versus Non-absolutism in "The Inference to the Best Explanation"
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This paper analyzes absolutism versus non-absolutism through Gilbert Harman's "The Inference to the Best Explanation". The paper seeks to understand how an individual attracted toward the absolutist view may think of the relevant region of cognitive architecture. Further, it explores nuances that may undermine the absolutist theory, considering how we may address those nuances. Finally, it concludes with an understanding of how absolutism may uphold under these circumstances.
From the Paper:"With this information in mind, it is worthwhile to utilize Gilbert Harman's text "The Inference to the Best Explanation" in order to explore how "enumerative induction should not be considered a warranted form of nondeductive inference in its own right" (Harman, 88). Harman asserts that in cases where it appears that a warranted inference is an instance of enumerative induction, the inference should be described as a special case of another sort of inference, which he refers to as "the inference to the best explanation."
""The Inference to the Best Explanation" as a text considers that in making an inference one infers, from the fact that a certain hypothesis would explain the evidence, to the truth of that hypothesis (Harman). While there may be several hypotheses to explain the evidence, one must be able to reject all such alternative hypotheses before one is warranted in making the inference. Consider what this means in a contextual example. An absolutist who steps outdoors and feels great warmth may assert that the sun is indeed shining. For it is noon, he is outdoors, and the warmth feels like that of the sun. However, another absolutist living in Alaska may feel great warmth and assert that the heat lamps outside his house are indeed on. For he is trying to grow some vegetation and has the heat lamps outside, since he is outdoors, the warmth he feels is that of the heat from the lamps. In both instances, inference is necessary to determine the root cause. In Harman's text "The Inference is the Best Explanation", one infers, from the premise that a given hypothesis would provide a 'better' explanation for the evidence than would any other hypothesis, to the conclusion that the given hypothesis is true."
Cite this Argumentative Essay:
Absolutism versus Non-absolutism in "The Inference to the Best Explanation" (2015, February 15) Retrieved October 25, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/argumentative-essay/absolutism-versus-non-absolutism-in-the-inference-to-the-best-explanation-154129/
"Absolutism versus Non-absolutism in "The Inference to the Best Explanation"" 15 February 2015. Web. 25 October. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/argumentative-essay/absolutism-versus-non-absolutism-in-the-inference-to-the-best-explanation-154129/>