Victims of Crimes Assistance Programs
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This paper explains that, in ancient times, victims of crime were able to exact revenge or to determine the punishment of their criminal; however, later as criminal and penal codes developed, the focus became more about the rights of society over the rights of the victim. Next, the author traces the modern history of crime victim's compensation programs, staring in California in 1965. The paper concludes that the impact of victims' assistance programs on the criminal justice system has been profound in that victims are no longer re-victimized by this system but instead receive the necessary support that will enable them to restore their lives.
From the Paper:"One victim rights law that was created was the Son of Sam law that was enacted in 1987 which prevents criminal offenders from profiting from their crimes. All proceeds of any movies or books would go to the victims.
"The victim-impact statement is a statement made to the court by the victim or their families where they discuss the impact of the crime on their lives. This statement is one of the rights afforded to the victim in order to allow or their participation in the justice process. In every state in America the direct victim or the families of the victim are provided the opportunity to address the court and express their pain about the crime. In California the purpose of the victim statement is not only to benefit the victim but inform the court on the extent of the damage done to the victim. The victim can explain the physical and mental trauma suffered by the crime as well as lost wages, inability to work, and medical expenses. The victim also has the right to address their statement directly to the offender or to the address them to the court."
Sample of Sources Used:
- (2011). History of Victims' Rights. National Crime Victim Law Institute. Retrieved September 7, 2011 from http://law.lclark.edu/centers/national_crime_victim_law_institute/about_ncvli/hist
- Schmalleger, F. & Hall, D. (2010). Criminal Law Today, Fourth Edition. Chapter Thirteen. Pearson Education, Inc.
- Ziegenhagen, R. (2007). Criminal Victim. Retrieved September 7, 2011 from http://www.self-defender.net/extras/victim.htm
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Victims of Crimes Assistance Programs (2011, December 12) Retrieved December 12, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/victims-of-crimes-assistance-programs-149372/
"Victims of Crimes Assistance Programs" 12 December 2011. Web. 12 December. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/victims-of-crimes-assistance-programs-149372/>