Tools to Reduce Pollution from Private Vehicles
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The paper discusses how environmental agencies throughout the EU are working to reduce pollution from private vehicles. The paper then explores the tools governments can employ to reduce pollution from private vehicles, using Malta as a case study. The author gives examples of command and control, market-based and de-centralised tools, drawing from real examples and discussing the pros and cons of each intervention style.
From the Paper:"Combating air pollution and improving the air quality in Europe is one of the main aims of the EU's environmental policy. Both the 6th Environment Action Programme (6th EAP) which covered the years 2002 to July 2012 as well as the proposed 7th Environment Action Programme (7th EAP) which covers the subsequent period till 2020, underline the need to decrease air pollution levels and improve air quality throughout the European Union. In this regard, the EU has so far adopted a series of directives on air pollution, the most significant of which is Directive 96/62/EC of 1996 on Ambient Air Quality Assessment and Management, now revised by Directive 2008/50/EC on Ambient Air Quality and Cleaner Air for Europe, transposed by L.N. 216 of 2001 on Ambient Air Quality Assessment and Management Regulations, and later amended by L.N. 235 of 2004.
"The EU's strategy known as "Europe 2020" also makes reference to the need to achieve a higher degree of sustainable growth by the year 2020 by promoting a greener economy and ensuring that the 20/20/20 climate and energy targets are achieved. The 20/20/20 targets set three objectives which should be reached by the year 2020. These targets are a 20% reduction in EU greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from 1990 levels, raising the share of EU energy consumption generated from renewable resources to 20% and achieving a 20% improvement in the EU's energy efficiency."
Sample of Sources Used:
- OECD, "Glossary of Statistical Terms: Market-Based Instruments". Available at: http://stats.oecd.org/glossary/detail.asp?ID=7214 [accessed on 20 January 2013]
- OECD: Glossary of Statistical Terms, "Command-And-Control Policy". Available at: http://stats.oecd.org/glossary/detail.asp?ID=383 [accessed on 20 January 2013]
- European Commission, "Proposal for a new EU Environment Action Programme to 2020". Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/newprg/index.htm [accessed on 20 January 2013]
- European Commission, "The EU climate and energy package". Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/package/index_en.htm [accessed on 20 January 2013]
- European Environment Agency, "Climate change mitigation (Malta)". Available at: http://www.eea.europa.eu/soer/countries/mt/soertopic_view?topic=climatechange [accessed on 20 January 2013]
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Tools to Reduce Pollution from Private Vehicles (2013, December 10) Retrieved September 23, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/tools-to-reduce-pollution-from-private-vehicles-153761/
"Tools to Reduce Pollution from Private Vehicles" 10 December 2013. Web. 23 September. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/tools-to-reduce-pollution-from-private-vehicles-153761/>