Theories of Personality in Empirical Research by Ekehammar & Akrami Analytical Essay by Nicky

An analytical piece on personality research and the various approaches to empirical studies.
# 150926 | 1,271 words | 5 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on May 03, 2012 in Psychology (Disorders) , Sociology (Theory)

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This essay is an analytical piece on the empirical research of personality disorders. Pulling largely from the article, "The Relation between Personality and Prejudice: A Variable- and a Person-Centered Approach" by Ekehammar & Akrami, the essay expounds confirmations and errors of the articles study. This is done by dividing the essay into three sections: summary, critique, and empirical work in relation to theories of personality. Each study pulls from outside sources to provide a detailed analysis of the paper.

Empirical Work in Relation to Theories of Personality

From the Paper:

"On to the methodology, this study was designed to give quantitative results that are appropriate project objectives. The subject population of this study consists of 156 non-psychology students of Uppsala University and local-authority-administered adult education, 77 of which are women and 79 are men. Their ages are between 18 and 57 years old. The students came from different disciplines: social science, behavioral science, medicine, economics, technology, and dentistry. Sampling procedure was not specified in the article however. The study utilized an official Swedish translated NEO-PI as personality instrument. For measuring prejudice, the study used the Modern and Classical Racial Prejudice Scales, the Swedish Modern and Classical Sexism Scales, the Modern and Classical Attitudes toward Intellectually Disabled Individuals Scales, the Attitude to Homosexuality Scales. The study is a computer-aided interview/survey. There are two ways by which this study is actually framed; one is the variable-centered approach which used linear regression to individually-treated five personality traits while person-centered approach used cluster analysis. By cluster analysis, Big Five Personality profiles were clustered and formed three types: the Resilient, Overcontrolled, and Undercontrolled.
"Results of the study showed that: in variable-centered approach, only two of the Big Five Personality factors were statistically significant to prejudice - Openness to Experience and Agreeableness."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Brecht, A. (1999). Political Theory. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
  • Ekehammar, B. & Akrami, N. (2003). The Relation between Personality and Prejudice: A Variable- and a Person-Centered Approach. European Journal of Personality, 17(1), 449-464.
  • Feist, J. & Feist, G. (2005). Theories of Personality. US: McGraw - Hill Higher Education.
  • Henslin, J. (1993). Sociology. A Down-to-Earth Approach. Massachusetts: Allyn and Bacon.
  • Nachmias C.F. & Nachmias, D. (1996). Research Methods in the Social Sciences. London: St. Martin's Press, Inc.

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

Theories of Personality in Empirical Research by Ekehammar & Akrami (2012, May 03) Retrieved July 06, 2022, from

MLA Format

"Theories of Personality in Empirical Research by Ekehammar & Akrami" 03 May 2012. Web. 06 July. 2022. <>