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The paper discusses how "The Republic" seeks to establish, through dialog between Socrates and others, the meaning of the concept of justice, political power and the manner in which society should be organized. The paper points out Plato's idea of elevating a philosopher to kingship and notes how many contemporary tyrants have ignored the fact that one of the strongest principles of Plato's leadership requires morality and accountability.
From the Paper:"The Embodiment of the Idea, and specifically Part V, the Rule of the Philosophers, concerns the way one recognizes a true philosopher, thus one meant for political power, one who has knowledge and wisdom, to the false despot? Similarly, what philosophical views are ascribed to our Sage, Socrates, in response to questions of the differences between knowledge and opinion?
"For Socrates, a distinction between a moral individual who is deserving of power due to their own ability to understand the nature of humans, and mitigate their own desires, are like justice and injustice, two sides of the same coin, alike but different in choosing which side to emphasize (II, 476a).
"The key seems "choice," that the individual, through the concept of free will, has the ability to decide whether to pursue the fundamentals of knowledge, proving the requisite underlying 'soul' and character to surmount the difficulties therein. This distinction, combined with the way an individual views the external, is what differentiates the lovers of opinion versus the lovers of knowledge - that knowledge being the true pursuit of both the knowable and unknowable (II, 479-80)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Baird, F. and W. Kaufmann. (2008). From Plato to Derrida. Prentice Hall.
- Dalby, A. (2005). The Story of Bacchus. British Museum Press.
- Plato, A. Bloom, trans. (1991). The Republic. Basic Books.
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Themes in Plato's "The Republic" (2012, May 17) Retrieved August 10, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/themes-in-plato-the-republic-151005/
"Themes in Plato's "The Republic"" 17 May 2012. Web. 10 August. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/themes-in-plato-the-republic-151005/>