Chosen as a "Paper of the Week":
On December 4, 1945, the US Senate approved, by a very large margin, US full and active participation in the United Nations. The history of the United Nations, starting with its forerunner, the League of Nations, is quite fascinating. It's purpose, goals, origins, activities, and organization have changed and evolved over time. This week's Paper of the Week on AcaDemon, paper #145528 "UN Peacekeeping Limitations", looks at one aspect of the UN in particular: the objective and ability to preserve world peace and limitations on achieving that objective. Paper #145528 is a 6,150-word document that begins with a brief outline of the origins of the UN and a description of its intended objective. The paper then continues with a more specific look at the organization's security role and an analysis of the obstacles and limitations that inhibit the success of this role. This is a complete rearch paper that uses examples and excellent analysis in order to present a realistic look at the UN's peacekeeping role and its effectiveness in fulfilling this role.
From the Paper:"After five decades of international conflict, waged between the imperial champion of the communist ideology and the frontrunner for western democracy, the latter prevailed in the peaceful revolution of 1989. With the reunification of Germany, and two years later, the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Cold War had ended with little immediately apparent violence or resistance. And from the perspective that the invasive and draconian presence of Soviet supported regimes had fallen in Hungary, Romania, Czechloslovakia and Poland, the end of the Cold War certainly appeared to light the way toward the pervasion of civil liberty, capitalist evolution and democratic policy representation."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Annan, Kofi. (1999). Statement on receiving the report of the independent inquiry into the actions of the United Nations during the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda. The United Nations. Online at http://www.un.org/News/ossg/sgsm_rwanda.htm
- ANZAC. (1998). Somalia 1993-1996. ANZAC Day Commemoration Committee (Qld)Incorporated. Online at http://www.anzacday.org.au/history/peacekeeping/anecdotes/somalia.html
- Arangio-Ruiz, Gaetano. (1997). The `Federal Analogy' and UN Charter Interpretation: A Crucial Issue. European Journal of International Justice., Vol. 8, No. 1. Online at < http://www.ejil.org/journal/Vol8/No1/>
- BBC. (April 2004). Rwanda: How the Genocide Happened. BBC News. Online at < http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/1288230.stm>
- Baker, Gerard; James Blitz; Judy Dempsey; Robert Graham; Quentin Peel & Mark Turner. (May 29, 2003). Blair's Mission Impossible: the Doomed Effort to Win a Second UN Resolution. Financial Times. Online at <http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/issues/iraq/attack/2003/0529blair.htm>