The Third War between Rome and Carthage Analytical Essay by Nicky

The Third War between Rome and Carthage
Looks at the reasons for the third war between Rome and Carthage.
# 148555 | 2,915 words | 4 sources | MLA | 2011 | US

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This paper explains that, during the time of the Romans as it is today, making war on another country for the reasons of seeking power or for another nation's wealth was unpopular and untenable; instead, other motives needed to be created to justify the Roman's third war against Carthage in 149 B.C.E. Next, the author contends that the official powers in Rome could not have really felt threatened by Carthage but rather Cato saw the opportunity to appropriate a greater share of the Carthaginian wealth for the Roman Empire and its nearby allies. The paper describes the Third Punic War especially the complex interplay between Rome, Carthage and the Numidians under King Massinissa, the three powers interested in the North African region, which led to the fear mongering that supported the war. The sources are in the footnotes.

From the Paper:

"Even the explanations given by Pliny and Appian concerning Cato's rather baseless rabble-rousing have been called into question by modern scholars, however. Some even maintain that "it may be doubted whether Cato really went to Africa at all," and that the historians who first recorded such a trip and Cato's attitude towards Carthage in its aftermath were themselves attempting to justify similar military actions. Fear mongering has remained a popular way for garnering public support for otherwise unjustifiable wars, and these historians shows that it was popular even as a retroactive measure two thousand years ago. When war against a particular enemy or region is desired but no reasonable and ethical motive presents itself, most nations in history have not found a great deal of repugnance."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Appian's Roman History, Book VIII.
  • Imperialism and Self Defense. "Chapter 4: The Wars of 219-70 B.C."
  • P.G. Walsh. "Massinissa." The Journal of Roman Studies, 55(1/2), pp. 149-60
  • Pliny. Natural History. Book XV. 75-77. pp. 341

Cite this Analytical Essay:

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