The Spanish Novel in the 1950s Analytical Essay by Master Researcher

The Spanish Novel in the 1950s
A look at the impact of Franco's dictatorship on the Spanish novel of the 1950s.
# 35368 | 1,900 words | 7 sources | MLA | 2002 | US
Published on Oct 02, 2003 in Literature (Spanish)

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This paper explores the dictatorship of Francisco Franco in the 1950s and the effect his policies had on the writings of that decade. The paper examines the realism in Spanish literature and looks at the most celebrated of the realist figures in Spain at the time, Camilo Jose Cela. The paper goes on to show how the existence of realism under a system of cultural oppression could only be possible thanks to their great amount of ambivalence.

From the Paper:

"In 1936, Spain was polarized between its orthodox Republican government and the left Socialists, who wished to establish a "dictatorship of the proletariat." The murder of the leader of the extreme right touched off both a military uprising and a social revolution. The working class took over many factories and farms were collectivized. Generalissimo Francisco Franco was in charge of the core of the Nationalist (Republican) Army, and he needed help. When France and Britain refused to intervene, he turned to Hitler (who provided tanks, artillery and 100 combat planes) and Mussolini (who provided tanks, artillery and ground troops). On April 26, 1937, German planes bombed the civilian town of Guernica, resulting in international outrage and the inspiration for one of Pablo Picasso's most famous paintings. Franco transferred his efforts to this area and began a series of victories that led to the war's end - and to a political regime that would hold Spain in a kind of time warp for more than a generation."

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