The Role of Ethical Committees in Medical Institutions Analytical Essay by scribbler

The Role of Ethical Committees in Medical Institutions
A review of the dynamics of ethics committees in the context of a hypothetical biomedical ethical dilemma.
# 153041 | 1,169 words | 5 sources | APA | 2013 | US
Published on May 02, 2013 in Hot Topics (Stem Cell Research) , Medical and Health (General) , Ethics (General)


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Description:

The paper outlines the ethical issues in the biomedical and behavioral research world and presents a hypothetical scenario where a major donor to the hospital is ethically opposed to human embryonic stem cell research and has promised to cease all contributions to the hospital should this research get underway. The paper describes who the ethics committee consists of and explains how the critical model can be used as a decision-making model. The paper specifically discusses the nursing perspective, the viewpoints of the others on the committee, and the final consensus and how it incorporates all ethical viewpoints. The paper shows how ethical committees in medical institutions must take a broad, comprehensive, and critical view of all values and assumptions used in decision-making processes.

Outline:
Introduction
Biomedical and Behavioral Research Concerns
Ethics Committee
Ethical Dilemma
The Critical Model
Nursing Perspective
Other Viewpoints
Final Consensus
Conclusion

From the Paper:

"The physician in this ethical committee is inherently mistrustful of stem cell research as yet another fad that promised miraculous healing but will likely fail to deliver anything useful for decades to come. This is a view held by many others regarding stem cell research and is not wholly unfounded (Prentice 2001). In a pragmatic view, the physician feels that it would be unwise to risk the health of some patients due to a lack of funding based on the possibility of new therapies that might never come to fruition and that much of the country disagrees with anyhow. The legal advisor generally agrees with this pragmatic view and also points to the reduced obstacles to stem cell research in recent years due to changes in the federal administration and its attitude toward human embryonic stem cell research.
"The member of the clergy is especially conflicted in this issue, and essentially questions whether the human emboss that will be destroyed as a result of the research can truly be considered "alive." If these embryos are truly living human beings, the clergyman believes it would be wrong to destroy them in the name of furthering medical research just as any modern society condemns sacrificing an individual against their will in an attempt to save others; unfortunately, nether the medical nor socially communities have conclusively decided when life begins (Green 2001)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Butts, J. & Rich, K. (2005). Nursing ethics: across the curriculum and into practice. New York: Jones & Bartlett.
  • Clarke, S. (2009). Two models of ethical committees. Journal of bioethical inquiry 2(1), 41-7.
  • Florczyk, S. & Saha, S. (2006). Ethical issues in biomedical research. Wiley encyclopedia of biomedical engineering. New York: Wiley.
  • Green, R. (2001). The stem cell debate. NOVA. Accessed 29 November 2010. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/miracle/stemcells.html
  • Prentice, D. (2001). The truth about stem cells. Interrogatory. Accessed 29 November 2010. http://old.nationalreview.com/interrogatory/interrogatory022601a.shtml

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

The Role of Ethical Committees in Medical Institutions (2013, May 02) Retrieved February 19, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/the-role-of-ethical-committees-in-medical-institutions-153041/

MLA Format

"The Role of Ethical Committees in Medical Institutions" 02 May 2013. Web. 19 February. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/the-role-of-ethical-committees-in-medical-institutions-153041/>

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