The Rabies Virus Analytical Essay by professor71

Looks at the rabies virus, a member of the genus Lyassavirus of the family Rhabdoviridae, and the disease that it causes known as rabies, which can be fatal.
# 150351 | 890 words | 5 sources | MLA | 2012 | IN


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Description:

This paper examines the characteristics, morphology, reservoirs of infection and host range of the rabies virus. Next, the author reviews the transmission, incubation period, signs and symptoms of the disease rabies, the pathogenesis of the disease and the survival of the pathogen outside the host. The paper concludes by examining the treatment of disease, its prevention through vaccination and and post-exposure prophylaxis schedule.

Table of Contents:
Organism
Name of Disease
Characteristics and Morphology
Incubation Period
Reservoirs of Infection and Host Range
Transmission
Signs and Symptoms
Pathogenesis of the Disease
Survival of the Pathogen outside the Host
Treatment of Disease
Prevention and Control of Disease

From the Paper:

"The prodromal period usually lasts from 2 to 10 days and clinical symptoms are first noticed during this stage. The symptoms may include fever, general malaise, fatigue, cough, sore throat, dyspnea, nausea, vomiting, anorexia, dysphagia, abdominal pain, diarrhea, irritability, vertigo, headache, anxiety, nervousness and apprehension. Some significant features like "insomnia, nightmares, depression, increased agitation, photophobia, priapism, and increased libido, may also occur." In that case, it suggests the presence of psychiatric disturbances encephalitis, or other brain abnormalities.
"A pathognomonic feature in the acute neurologic period is difficulty in drinking together with intense thirst. Attempts to drink brings painful spasms of pharynx and larynx, producing choking that patients later develop a dread for even the sight or sound of water (hydrophobia).
"In the acute neurologic period, the disease is categorized as dumb rabies if paralysis is the main clinical feature and as furious rabies if the symptom of hydrophobia is the main clinical feature. Both types of rabies may show signs like "focal and generalized convulsions, muscle fasciculations, hyperventilation, paresthesia, hypersalivation and nuchal rigidity." "
"After the acute neurologic period ends, the patient may develop a rapid, irregular type of breathing. Very soon, paralysis and coma develops. Unless ventilator support is instituted, the patient may develop respiratory arrest and death ensues (Rupprecht). Life support systems only prolong the clinical course of rabies and do not usually affect the final outcome of the disease (Rupprecht)

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Ananthnarayanan and Panicker. Textbook of Microbiology. Orient Longman, 2000. Print.
  • Rupprecht, CE. Medical Microbiology. 1996. Print.
  • Public Health Agency of Canada. 2010. Web. 3.11.2011. <http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/lab-bio/res/psds-ftss/rab-eng.php>.
  • Scheld, WM, Whitley, RJ, Marra, CM, Infections of the central nervous system. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2004. Print.
  • The State Of California Health And Welfare Agency. Guidelines for the Treatment, Investigation, and Control of Animal Bites. Diane Publishing. 1993. Print.

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

The Rabies Virus (2012, February 02) Retrieved July 12, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/the-rabies-virus-150351/

MLA Format

"The Rabies Virus" 02 February 2012. Web. 12 July. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/the-rabies-virus-150351/>

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