The Palestinian Application for UN Membership Analytical Essay by Carly Evans

An overview of the Palestinian application for membership in the UN submitted by Mahmoud Abbas and the current status of that application.
# 150607 | 1,773 words | 8 sources | MLA | 2012 | US


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Description:

The Palestinian Authority, led by President Mahmoud Abbas, submitted a bid to the United Nations requesting that Palestine be recognized as an independent state. The measure was sent to the UN Security Council by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon. This paper details the application's history and current status, and also discusses the reasons behind the submission. It discusses which members of the UN Security Council and General Assembly are likely to support the measure should it be brought to a vote, and which nations, notably Israel and the U.S., oppose the Palestinian bid for statehood before the UN. The paper examines the submission's current status, and concludes that even though Palestine had greater support in the General Assembly than its primary opponent, Israel, it was unable to overcome the United States' threat to veto the measure. Therefore, the bid for statehood is currently at a standstill while Palestine determines how to proceed.

Outline:
Application History
What is the UN Process for Recognizing Statehood?
Why Did the Palestinians Cut Off Peace Talks and Approach the UN?
Who Supports this Measure?
Who Opposes this Measure?
Current Status

From the Paper:

"The land which the Palestinians asked the UN to recognize as belonging to Palestine includes all of the West Bank, eastern Jerusalem, and the Gaza Strip. In 2005, Israel pulled its remaining forces out of Gaza. However, the West Bank "an area controlled by Jordan from the end of Israel's War of Independence in 1949 until it was captured by Israel in the 1967 Six-Day War -- includes lands on which Jewish settlements now sit. Eastern Jerusalem was effectively annexed by Israel, but the international community views it as occupied territory. In total, more than 600,000 Jews reside in eastern Jerusalem and the West Bank." (8)

In October of 2011, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) complicated matters by voting to recognize Palestine as a full member. This caused the United States to withdraw its UNESCO financial support. "The UNESCO membership has no formal bearing on the bid for Palestinian statehood, but the political fallout may complicate a two-state solution.""

Sample of Sources Used:

  • ``Ban sends Palestinian application for UN membership to Security Council.'' UN News Centre. 2011. United Nations.org. Retr. 20 Mar. 2012 <http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=39722&Cr=palestin&Cr1>
  • McFarquharl, Neil and Steven Lee Meyers. ``Palestinians Request U.N. Status; Powers Press for Talks.'' NewYorkTime.com. 2011. New York Times. Retr. 20 Mar. 2012 <http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/24/world/palestinians-submit-statehood-bid-at-un.html?_r=1>
  • ``Palestinians Request U.N. Status; Powers Press for Talks.'' Retr. 20 Mar. 2012
  • Heilman, Uriel. ``A primer on Palestinian Statehood.'' JTA.org. 2011. Retr. 20 Mar. 2012 <http://www.jta.org/news/article/2011/08/15/3088993/a-primer-on-palestinian-statehood?gclid=CI7c5IWe-K4CFcHJKgodfhw8yw>
  • McMahon, Robert and Jonathan Masters. ``Palestinian Statehood at the UN.'' Council on Foreign Relations. Retr. 20 Mar. 2011 <http://www.cfr.org/palestinian-authority/palestinian-statehood-un/p25954#p1>

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

The Palestinian Application for UN Membership (2012, March 23) Retrieved May 25, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/the-palestinian-application-for-un-membership-150607/

MLA Format

"The Palestinian Application for UN Membership" 23 March 2012. Web. 25 May. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/the-palestinian-application-for-un-membership-150607/>

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