"The Metamorphosis" and "Melancholy Summer"
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This paper discusses how, although they accomplish the task in vastly different ways, both Franz Kafka and Marcel Proust in the stories considered here exposit the conflict between their protagonists' internal and external realities. It shows how Kafka's Gregor Samsa is human on the inside, as it were, but externally and to those who have no access to the world of his thoughts, he is but a beetle. For Proust, it is more important that Madame de Breyves' subjective world was more real to her than the objective world. Though it remains true that none but Francoise has access to her thoughts, Proust implies that his title character does not care.
From the Paper:"Gregor Samsa is not only an insect, but he is suddenly an insect, and he discovers this after having awoken from dreams. One asks, upon reading this, what sort of reality would allow one to suddenly turn into an insect, and furthermore, Gregor was only just dreaming, so isn't it possible that he is just imagining his new shape-that it is in fact just a remnant of some bizarre dream. By contrast, even as Proust mentions the possibility that Fran'oise Breyves is hallucinating, it is not immediately clear that this will be central to his story. These tendencies continue as the two stories develop; Kafka fully explores the disconnect between Gregor's noumenal and phenomenal worlds, whereas Proust develops this theme largely by allusion and implication. This is fitting, for Gregor's thoughts about the aforementioned disconnect are central to "The Metamorphosis," whereas Fran'oise Breyves is interested only in her subjective reality, with no interest for the outside world."
Cite this Analytical Essay:
"The Metamorphosis" and "Melancholy Summer" (2006, February 27) Retrieved September 19, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/the-metamorphosis-and-melancholy-summer-64171/
""The Metamorphosis" and "Melancholy Summer"" 27 February 2006. Web. 19 September. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/the-metamorphosis-and-melancholy-summer-64171/>