The Hellenization of Rome
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The paper offers the historical background to Hellenization, including the influences of the early Greek colonies on the Italian peninsula, the Greek slaves captured during the Punic Wars, and finally the Roman colonization of Greece. Then the paper looks at the emergence of Latin literature in the aftermath of the Roman invasion and how it imitates Greek models. The paper provides an in-depth examination of the plays of Plautus and how they lay the foundations for a new and democratic art form. Plautus' plays are then contrasted to those of Terence.
From the Paper:"Rome may have conquered and colonized Greece, but in terms of culture it was the Greeks who conquered Rome, especially so in the intellectual and artistic sphere. Before coming in contact with Greece there was hardly a literature that could be called Roman. Even after the initial exposure there was little tendency of Romans to emulate the Greeks in the practice of letters. The Greeks had colonial outposts on the Italian peninsula as far back as the 6th century BC, from which point the Greek influence must be reckoned. Yet it is only in the third century BC that we notice a presence of Latin literature. In religion and political institutions the Greek influence was felt far earlier. A century after Solon was being elected arch-archon of Athens democracy and republicanism came to Rome. Institutions emerged that began to ape those found in Athens and the Greek polis - the city state."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Anderson W S, "The Roman Transformation of Greek Domestic Comedy," The Classical World 88.3, 1995, pp. 171-180.
- Fort A B & H S Kates, Minute History of the Drama, New York: Grosset & Dunlap, 1935, p. 85.
- Hammond M & A M Mack & W Moskalew, "Introduction: The Stage and Production," in Miles Gloriosus, Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 1997 repr., pp. 15-29.
- Juniper W H, "Character Portrayals in Plautus," The Classical Journal 31, 1936.
- Moore T J, "Palliata Togata: Plautus, Curculio 462-86," The American Journal of Philology 112.3, 1991, pp. 343-362.
Cite this Analytical Essay:
The Hellenization of Rome (2009, September 27) Retrieved April 14, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/the-hellenization-of-rome-116440/
"The Hellenization of Rome" 27 September 2009. Web. 14 April. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/the-hellenization-of-rome-116440/>