The Emergence of Fascism in Italy 1919-1920
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This paper discusses the importance of the post-war treaties in explaining the emergence of fascism as a political force in Italy during 1919 and 1920. The author explains that fascism in Italy during these years was not a powerful force in politics, but it had a growing appeal to nationalistic war veterans and the middle class who feared socialism.
From the Paper:"Fascism in Italy between 1919 and 1920 was not a powerful force in politics, but its growing appeal to nationalistic war veterans and middle class fears of socialism - especially in rural communities with stricter hierarchies, hence the faster rise in agrarian fascism - made it significant in the boom of the squadristi (violent squads who attacked socialist targets, such as peasant league offices) at the return of soldiers in 1920. In national politics, however, it had yet to begin unification of its forces (especially the local Ras) with an official party, which Mussolini only founded in 1922, attempting to use the squadristi for his own ends. The actual grievances of fascists, however, lay in the problems that had been poorly dealt with by previous Liberal Governments, such as the post-war treaties, the economy and political reform, as well as the ineffectiveness (and perceived danger) of socialist opposition."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Martin Blinkhorn, Mussolini and Fascist Italy (Routledge, 1994).
- Christopher Duggan, A Concise History of Italy (CUP, 1994).
- Denis Mack-Smith, Mussolini (Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1994).
- Philip Morgan, Italian Fascism, 1915-1945 (Palgrave Macmillan 2003).
- John Pollard, The Fascist Experience in Italy (Routledge, 1998).
Cite this Analytical Essay:
The Emergence of Fascism in Italy 1919-1920 (2008, October 19) Retrieved December 11, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/the-emergence-of-fascism-in-italy-1919-1920-108611/
"The Emergence of Fascism in Italy 1919-1920" 19 October 2008. Web. 11 December. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/the-emergence-of-fascism-in-italy-1919-1920-108611/>