The Controversy of Race in Criminology Analytical Essay by Nicky

A review of the research on the issue of race in criminal justice.
# 150121 | 1,550 words | 9 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Jan 26, 2012 in Criminology (Criminal Justice and Corrections) , Sociology (General)


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Description:

The paper examines the reports and statistics on the incarceration levels of minorities and finds that racial and ethnic disparities and disproportionality definitely exists in today's criminal justice system. The paper asserts that this is likely the greatest challenge facing professionals in the contemporary criminal justice system and in the criminal justice system in the near future.

Outline:
Introduction
The Facts
The Statistics
Research and Limitations in Research on Disparities in Rates of Imprisonment
Summary and Conclusion

From the Paper:

"Today's scientific information and evidence on the subject of race states that new findings show that humans "...differ genetically by 10 percent or more and asks the question of whether races also differ?" (Walsh and Beaver, 2008) If one were to attempt to make a call on the race differentials and to base that decision upon the statistical data available in today's judicial and court systems the differences in race would be found as astronomically and unbelievably different. However, there are those who state that today's criminal justice statistics are severely skewed as well as being disparate and disproportionate in nature.
"The work of Garland, Spohn, and Wodahl (2008) entitled: "Racial Disproportionality in the American Prison Population: Using the Blumstein Method to Address the Critical Race and Justice Issue of the 21st Century" state that statistics indicate that "racial/ethnic minorities, particularly black and Hispanic males, face a disproportionately high risk of incarceration in the United States." (Garland, Spohn, and Wodahl, 2008)
"In fact, it is argued by Garland, Spohn and Wodahl that this is the most serious of all issues that criminal justice policymakers in contemporary times face and it is related as well that this determination was made through the assessment of the "negative impact that incarceration can have on individuals, their communities, and the integration of minorities into the nation's larger, social, economic, and political landscape." (2008)"

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Harrison, Paige M. and Beck, Allen J. (2006). Prisoners in 2005. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice In: Garland, Brett E., Spohn, Cassia, and Wodahl, Eric J. (2008). Racial Disproportionality in the American Prison Population: Using the Blumstein Method to address the Critical Race and Justice Issue of the 21st Century. Justice Policy Journal. Vol.5, No.2, Fall 2008. Online available at: http://www.cjcj.org/files/racial_disproportionality.pdf
  • Spohn, Cassia C. (2000). Thirty Years of Sentencing Reform: The Quest for a Racially Neutral Sentencing Process. In Garland, Brett E., Spohn, Cassia, and Wodahl, Eric J. (2008). Racial Disproportionality in the American Prison Population: Using the Blumstein Method to address the Critical Race and Justice Issue of the 21st Century. Justice Policy Journal. Vol.5, No.2, Fall 2008. Online available at: http://www.cjcj.org/files/racial_disproportionality.pdf
  • Mauer, Marc (2002). Mass Imprisonment and the Disappearing Voters. In. Garland, Brett E., Spohn, Cassia, and Wodahl, Eric J. (2008). Racial Disproportionality in the American Prison Population: Using the Blumstein Method to address the Critical Race and Justice Issue of the 21st Century. Justice Policy Journal. Vol.5, No.2, Fall 2008. Online available at: http://www.cjcj.org/files/racial_disproportionality.pdf
  • Blumstein, Alfred (1982). On the Racial Disproportionality of the United States' Prison Populations. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 73, pp. 1259-1281 In: Garland, Brett E., Spohn, Cassia, and Wodahl, Eric J. (2008). Racial Disproportionality in the American Prison Population: Using the Blumstein Method to address the Critical Race and Justice Issue of the 21st Century. Justice Policy Journal. Vol.5, No.2, Fall 2008. Online available at: http://www.cjcj.org/files/racial_disproportionality.pdf
  • Blumstein, Alfred (1993). Racial Disproportionality of U.S. Prison Populations Revisited. University of Colorado Law Review, 63, pp. 743-760. In: Garland, Brett E., Spohn, Cassia, and Wodahl, Eric J. (2008). Racial Disproportionality in the American Prison Population: Using the Blumstein Method to address the Critical Race and Justice Issue of the 21st Century. Justice Policy Journal. Vol.5, No.2, Fall 2008. Online available at: http://www.cjcj.org/files/racial_disproportionality.pdf

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

The Controversy of Race in Criminology (2012, January 26) Retrieved May 10, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/the-controversy-of-race-in-criminology-150121/

MLA Format

"The Controversy of Race in Criminology" 26 January 2012. Web. 10 May. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/the-controversy-of-race-in-criminology-150121/>

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