The African Brain Drain Analytical Essay

The African Brain Drain
Presents a literature review to study the causes and effects of the brain drain especially in Africa.
# 151527 | 2,935 words | 13 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Jun 24, 2012 in Political Science (Non-U.S.) , Sociology (Theory) , Labor Studies (General)

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This brain drain, which is the migration of professionals from a country in many of the most important industries, is having a negative effect in Africa, especially in the healthcare and high tech industries. Next, based on the literature review, the author indicates that brain drains, throughout history, occur most commonly in nations suffering from economic, political and social upheavals so that these countries cannot take care of their populations. Because the long-term effects of such a migration are typically negative, the paper stresses that post-colonial African nations need to understand the gravity of their situations thus implementing policy goals and seeking outside interventions to resolve their economic and social turmoil that has created this extreme need for professionals.

From the Paper:

"Bach (2008) points out that healthcare professionals are often attracted to other countries because of the wages and stability found outside their own home. This is certainly the case in Zimbabwe, as thousands of doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals have moved elsewhere to practice. In fact, according to reports published by the UN and the World Health Organization, nearly 34% of Zimbabwe's doctors and 25% of Ghana's nurses work elsewhere. If a country like Zimbabwe wants to keep its professionals within its own borders, it first must guarantee some measure of stability, and then begin to create an attractive working environment for these people. The limitations of African governments and even outside institutions like the World Health Organization have been exposed relative to other calamities affecting the healthcare industry in Africa, specifically AIDS and HIV. Without a doubt, countries in the Sub-Saharan African region would have a much better chance at fighting these diseases if the brain drain had not been occurring due to lack of political and social stability in the region. Countries looking for hope and relief from these and other massive pandemics should first look to stabilization. The first line of defense for attracting and keeping healthcare professionals should be the improvement of economic conditions within a country."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Bach, Stephen. (2008). The International Mobility of Talent: Types, Causes, and Development Impact. Ed. Andres Solimano. World Institute for Development Economics: New York.
  • Bhargava, Alok and Docquier, Frederic. (2008). "HIV Pandemic, Medical Brain Drain, and Economic Development in Sub-Saharan Africa." World Bank Economic Review. Vol. 22, No. 2. pp. 345-366.
  • Campbell, E. K. (2007). "Brain Drain Potential in Botswana." International Migration. Vol. 45, No. 1. Pp. 115-145.
  • Chiboiwa, Malvern W.; Samuel, Michael O.; and Crispen Chipunza (2010). "An examination of employee retention strategy in a private organization in Zimbabwe." African Journal of Business Management. Vol. 4, No. 10. Pp. 2103-2109.
  • Connell, John. (2008). The International Migration of Health Workers. Routledge: New York.

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

The African Brain Drain (2012, June 24) Retrieved September 29, 2023, from

MLA Format

"The African Brain Drain" 24 June 2012. Web. 29 September. 2023. <>