The 1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop Non-Aggression Pact Analytical Essay by Nicky

The 1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop Non-Aggression Pact
Looks at that the 1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop Non-Aggression Pact between Germany and Russia, which determined the events that shaped World War II.
# 149000 | 2,765 words | 3 sources | APA | 2011 | US

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This paper explains that, even though Germany and Russia would come into military conflict within only two years after the signing of their 1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop Non-Aggression Pact, Stalin's pragmatic defensive decision to enter this agreement was central to the future growth of the Soviet's sphere of influence following WWII. Next, the author relates that, because the Soviets witnessed the unwillingness of Europe to intervene with German's expansive ambitions, Stalin signed this agreement as a matter of diplomatic practicality rather than ideological preference for Germany's Hitler. The paper concludes that German's invasion of Russia was a bigger miscalculation than Stalin's trust of Hitler because, if Hitler been willing to compromise with Stalin, the two nations would have partners in dividing the spoils of WW II instead of just Russia.

From the Paper:

"When the two nations signed the pact in 1939, Russia and Germany entered into an agreement which instructed that "should disputes or conflicts arise between the High Contracting Parties over problems of one kind or another, both parties shall settle these disputes or conflicts exclusively through friendly exchange of opinion or, if necessary, through the establishment of arbitration commissions." In June of 1941, the agreement would be breached and dismantled by Hitler's ultimate decision to turn its hostilities directly on Russia. Stalin's reliance upon the Non-Aggression Pact for its stake in the spoils of a war which it had yet to fully engage would prove just the opportunity that Hitler needed to surprise Moscow. Indeed, Stalin would continue to seek its expansion without provoking Hitler.
"This would show Stalin to be somewhat naive as historians and critics have contended. In one regard, it can be assessed that by attempting for so long to extend its policy of Non-Aggression with a clearly belligerent partner, Stalin provided a major advantage to Hitler's blitzkrieg style war as the Third Reich partnered with Rumania and pushed its tanks across the Russian border. The Russian army took dramatic losses during the first year of this conflict, with its lack of readiness functioning as an extension of Stalin's general unpreparedness for Hitler's betrayal."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Halsall, P. trans. (1997). Modern History Sourcebook: The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, 1939. Modern History Sourcebook. Online at>
  • Holocaust Memorial Museum. (2005). Invasion of Poland, Fall 1939. Holocaust Encyclopedia. Online at>
  • Roberts, G. (2001). From Non-Aggression Treaty to War: Documenting Nazi Soviet Relations, 1939-41 Geoffrey Roberts Explains the Fateful Sequence of Events from the Nazi-Soviet Pact to Hitler's Invasion of the USSR. History Review.

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

The 1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop Non-Aggression Pact (2011, November 20) Retrieved June 22, 2021, from

MLA Format

"The 1939 Molotov-Ribbentrop Non-Aggression Pact" 20 November 2011. Web. 22 June. 2021. <>