Thailand: Urban Bias and Urban Development
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This is a memorandum about urban bias and urban development in Thailand. The paper looks at the percentage of people who live in urban areas as well as the general economic situation, based on statistics that are cited in the paper. The writer also examines government policies in Thailand as well as the problems generated by urban bias. The paper concludes with the writer's opinion that the key to sustainable development lies in ironing out the gaping differences between urban and rural development and restoring some amount of equilibrium in growth potential.
From the Paper:"As (Schmidt) pointed out, well over 90 percent of the value of manufacturing in Thailand is produced within 200 km of central Bangkok. Thus, interestingly, a substantial amount of foreign investment based export-oriented industrialization, which primarily fuelled Thailand's economic success in the pre-crisis era, was concentrated in urban centers; plus, industry (including manufacturing) accounts for 40 percent and services for 49.8 percent of the GDP today ($114.8 billion in 2001) while agriculture, which was predominant in the 50s, has dropped to as little as 10.2 percent.
"I would like to suggest here that this can explain why rural folk migrated in mammoth number to urban areas, and why the urban bias has ensued. It is, I think, the non-existence of sustainable rural development and agriculture-centric programs, non-availability of an array of welfare-based services, and the dream of cashing in on the opportunities of globalization, bolstering social mobility and sharing the wealth-generating economic industrial pie that prompted the urban migration. It was this, coupled with policies to stimulate and generate city-based employment and industrialized economic development, as well as create an impressive infrastructure and cheap labor availability to attract more foreign investment that led to Thailand's urban bias and its consequent woes in my opinion."
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Thailand: Urban Bias and Urban Development (2003, October 15) Retrieved September 30, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/thailand-urban-bias-and-urban-development-36715/
"Thailand: Urban Bias and Urban Development" 15 October 2003. Web. 30 September. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/thailand-urban-bias-and-urban-development-36715/>