Stonehenge and Ancient Astronomy Analytical Essay by Master Researcher

Stonehenge and Ancient Astronomy
Explores the historic Stonehenge within an ancient astronomy context.
# 39119 | 3,150 words | 14 sources | MLA | 2002 | US
Published on Oct 03, 2003 in Astronomy (General) , Archaeology (Megalithic monuments)

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The paper explores the historical development of the theoretical interpretations of Stonehenge and concentrates on recent archaeoastronomy analyses of Stonehenge. The paper shows how Stonehenge was clearly a monument with astronomical and religious connections and was a functioning element in the social life and culture of the society that constructed it. The paper includes several pictures of this monument.


From the Paper:

"According to James MacLachlan the most important fact about the view of the planets and stars from earth is the regular and repetitive patterns of motion. These include the phases of the moon on a 29-day cycle, the earth annual rotation around the sun and the Solstices and Equinox when the sun appears at its most extreme north or south in the sky.
"Ancient people were aware of these regular and repetitive cycles. The Mayans had made a calendar and the Sumerians "on their clay writing tablets began to keep records of the positions of sun and moon, and later, planets" about 2000 BCE. Also, the construction of stone monuments (and wooden monuments that have not survived the passing of time) to identify and record these celestial patterns happened throughout the world. The most famous of these is the Great Pyramids at Giza in Egypt.
"The circular megalithic monument located in southern England on Salisbury Plain in England called Stonehenge is one of these monuments. It has been the subject of a great deal of debate and speculation. It is now one of the most popular tourist attractions in England."

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