Spontaneous Speech vs. Morphology
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This paper compares the use of two children's spontaneous speech with the results of a test of morphology in three areas of morphemes: plural, past, and third-person singular inflection. The paper finds that both children are conforming to their developmental stage by primarily making use of words which refer to the here and now, by using overextension with several of their expression and using plural, past tense, and third-person singular inflection, although not consistently. The paper notes that both children display more knowledge of language structure in their sample speech than in the morphology test.
From the Paper:"Emily's score was very low, at 4. Matthew, who is just six months older, achieved a score that is twice as high. Reasons for the difference can include parental influence, along with the children's individual differences. There are certain points of interest in the speech sample of each child that correspond to and illuminate the results of the test. Above all, the differences between the test results and the sample speech reveal that the test lacks a context for the child.
"When Emily uses the past tense, she does so in way that is common for her age group. The word 'broked' instead of 'broken' is not unusual for the three-year-old. Emily appears to be aware of the rules of grammar, and her mistakes with the past tense seem to be examples of what happens with overextension or overregularization. She uses the construction "I was playing" correctly, but then improperly says "it falled"."
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Spontaneous Speech vs. Morphology (2003, September 23) Retrieved May 07, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/spontaneous-speech-vs-morphology-35172/
"Spontaneous Speech vs. Morphology" 23 September 2003. Web. 07 May. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/spontaneous-speech-vs-morphology-35172/>