Soviet-Afghan War: Conflict Analysis Analytical Essay by Nicky

Soviet-Afghan War: Conflict Analysis
An analysis of the Soviet-Afghan War, 1978 to 1989, and the United States' involvement in this conflict.
# 148982 | 5,001 words | 13 sources | APA | 2011 | US

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The paper outlines how the capable Soviet military invaded a powerless Afghanistan in support of the Marxist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan in their battle against the Mujahedeen, a grassroots militia resistance force. The paper provides the background of Afghanistan and the United States' involvement in this country. The paper addresses the factors that impact conflict prevention and peace building, looks at the process of conflict management and resolution and examines frameworks for conflict analysis. The paper highlights the important lessons to be learned in the area of conflict resolution and in the flawed support provided by the United States to Afghanistan. This paper contains figures and tables.

Focus and Objective of the Study
Background to the Study
United States' Involvement in Afghanistan
Conflict Prevention and Peace-Building
Frameworks for Conflict Analysis
Summary and Conclusion

From the Paper:

"Despite the well-armed troops and superior technology employed by the Russians, in the form of tanks and helicopters, the Mujahedeen was victorious in a long and bloody war of attrition. This was in no small part to intelligence and arms provided to the Mujahedeen by the U.S. After the defeat of the Russians was achieved, the U.S. turned its back on Afghanistan, focusing its efforts elsewhere. Arms provided by the U.S. were used as fuel by the Taliban and al Qaeda and their efforts to secure the country, and ironically bolster a very Anti-American agenda. This conflict interests me because it seems possible that the U.S. is currently engaged in a war in Afghanistan based on American policies in the region more than 20 years ago. The Soviet-Afghan War provided a place for terrorists like Osama Bin Laden to cut their teeth and sharpen their skills for the upcoming jihad. This war set the stage for the Global War on Terrorism, and unfortunately America adequately prepared some of its enemies for this conflict. Conflict is stated in the World Bank Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction Team (CPR) Social Development Department document entitled: "Conflict Analysis Framework (CAF)" published April 11, 2005 to be: "...inherent to all societies. Differences in interests and opinions between groups are natural, but the method by which such differences are expressed and managed determine if conflicts manifest themselves in primarily political (non violent) or violent ways.""

Sample of Sources Used:

  • McManus, JC (2007) U.S. Military History for Dummies. For Dummies, 2007
  • Framework for Conflict Analysis (2004) Inter-agency framework for conflict analysis in transition situations. November, 2004.
  • Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction Team (CPR) Social Development Department, World Bank (2005, P.4) Online available at:
  • Harvey, K.A. (2003) Afghanistan, The United States, and the Legacy of Afghanistan's Civil War" 5 June. EDGE Online available at:,%20the%20United%20States.htm
  • Wood, Bernard (2003) Development Dimensions Of Conflict Prevention And Peace-Building An independent study prepared for the Emergency Response Division, UNDP United Nations Development Program - Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery. Ottawa, Canada JUNE 2003

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

Soviet-Afghan War: Conflict Analysis (2011, November 16) Retrieved February 06, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Soviet-Afghan War: Conflict Analysis" 16 November 2011. Web. 06 February. 2023. <>