Sociological Theories of Religion Analytical Essay by Master Researcher

Sociological Theories of Religion
A brief review of the the theories of Karl Marx, Max Weber and Emile Durkheim.
# 35325 | 900 words | 2 sources | MLA | 2002 | US

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This paper provides a content analysis of the major sociological theories in the study of religion, specifically, the theories of Karl Marx, Max Weber and Emile Durkheim. The paper explains how Marx, Weber and Durkheim began to question the functions
and roles of religion in modern society, and shows how these theories have established the foundational basis for most modern sociological evaluations of religion.

From the Paper:

"Emile Durkheim explained religion in relation to society in the strictest sense, and held that it was a product of society and in turn reinforced society. Durkheim was to undertake one of the most comprehensive studies of religion to date in order to find the genesis, which he entitled The Elementary Forms of Religious Life and which he integrated into his wider sociology.
"Durkheim theorized that religion was social, and wrote that "Religious representations are collective representations which express collective realities; the rites are a manner of acting which take rise in the midst of assembled groups and which are destined to excite, maintain, or recreate certain mental states in these groups." Durkheim explained further that, "if the categories are of religious origin, they ought to participate in this nature common to all religious facts; they should be social affairs and the product of collective thought.""

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