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This paper explains that the first meager legalized form of social welfare in England was the Elizabethan Poor Law passed in 1601; however, by the middle eighteenth century with the Industrial Revolution and the development of cities, the legal framework was expanded greatly. Next, the author describes the need to improve the difficult lives of poor and orphaned children and of the working class. The paper concludes that, even at the end of the twentieth century, England had to expand to a great extent the present day rights and protection laws for children.
From the Paper:"The Industrial Revolution was regarded as the good as well as the evil that happened to England and sooner to the whole world. It helped create factory owners and traders who became rich beyond the wildest dreams of those who lived in what it used to be mainly an agricultural economy. It also created workers who lived in poor conditions and earned enough not to starve to death. On the other hand, it brought along new improved means of development for the whole society. As the worker's class became stronger and developed means of leverage with their employers, the changes in social welfare became as inevitable as the rolling of an avalanche down the side of a mountain."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Frost, N. 2005. Child Welfare. Routledge, Abington.
- Kelly, N. Shuter, J. Rees, R. 1998. Britain 1750-1900: and The twentieth century world. Heinemann
- Murdoch, L. 2006. Imagined Orphans: Poor Families, Child Welfare, and Contested Citizenship in London. Rutgers University Press.
- Child labor in factories. Retrieved: Jan 22, 2009. Available at: http://nhs.needham.k12.ma.us/cur/Baker_00/2002_p7/ak_p7/childlabor.html
- The Victorian Web. Social History. Retrieved: Jan, 22, 2008. Available at: http://www.victorianweb.org/history/sochistov.html
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Social Welfare Reform in England (2010, December 24) Retrieved April 19, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/social-welfare-reform-in-england-146265/
"Social Welfare Reform in England" 24 December 2010. Web. 19 April. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/social-welfare-reform-in-england-146265/>