Social Citizenship Rights and Inequality
This paper explores whether the expansion of social citizenship rights and the development of European welfare states has solved the problem of inequality, as suggested by scholars such as T. H. Marshall.
# 118894 | 1,979 words | 19 sources | APA | 2007 |
Published on Mar 14, 2010 in Sociology (Welfare) , Political Science (Social Security and Welfare) , European Studies (Race, Class, Gender Issues (incl. Ethnic Minorities)) , Gender and Sexuality (Gender Studies)
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The writer focuses on the EU welfare states of Britain, France, Germany and Sweden and at their pressing problems of class and gender inequality. The writer shows how the expansion of social citizenship rights and the development of European welfare states has certainly reduced the problem of inequality, but has not solved the problem by eradicating it completely. The writer does point out, however, that social inequality is a complex issue that may never be solved.
From the Paper:"T. H. Marshall's threefold model of citizenship rights is that civil rights were introduced in the eighteenth century, political rights in the nineteenth century and social rights in the twentieth century. In his essay 'Citizenship and Social Class' (1950) he claimed that the possession of all three rights in full is linked to social class, and therefore an unequal process. Social citizenship rights incorporate the right to economic welfare and security, the right to a full share of social heritage and the right to reach a set life standard in a society (Marshall, 1950, p.8). According to Marshall, "the institutions most closely connected with [the social element of citizenship] are the educational system and the social services" (ibid.)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Almond, Gabriel A. et al. (2000). Comparative Politics Today: A world View. 7th ed. London: Longman.
- Author Unknown (2007). Education Leaving Age. Politics.co.uk <http://www.politics.co.uk/issue-briefs/education/schools/school-leaving-age/education-leaving-age-$474737.htm> 07/12/07.
- Author Unknown (2007). Positiv Sarbehandling: Positive Action/Positive Discrimination. European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. <http://www.eurofound.europa.eu/emire/SWEDEN/ANCHOR-POSITIVS-Auml-RBEHANDLING-SE.htm>, 12/12/07.
- Bartholomew, James (2004). The Welfare State we're In. London: Methuen Publishing Limited.
- Canning, Kathleen and Sonya O. Rose, eds. (2002). Gender, Citizenship & Subjectivities. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Social Citizenship Rights and Inequality (2010, March 14) Retrieved October 24, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/social-citizenship-rights-and-inequality-118894/
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