Science and Religion in the 17th Century
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This paper examines how the intense interaction between science and religion in the 17th century had an ultimately positive effect on human civilization over the succeeding centuries. The paper explains that these interactions produced played an instrumental role in generating the Enlightenment of the 18th century, which transformed the world, freed humanity from the bonds of religious dogma, and produced long-term benefits ranging from greatly expanded scientific learning to the dramatic emergence and development of democratic systems of government. The paper then points out that religion and science also clashed in the 17th century because they offered incompatible answers to humanity's existence, to the functioning of the universe, and to humanity's place in it. In the context of this discussion, the paper briefly examines the works of philosophers and scientists like Nicolas Copernicus, Johannes Kepler, Galileo and Tycho Brahe.
From the Paper:"After lengthy observations and calculations, Kepler eventually discovered that although Copernicus had correctly concluded that the planets of the solar system all orbited around the sun, he had been mistaken in assuming that planetary orbits were circular instead of elliptical. The most positive contribution of Copernicus was his theory that the earth rotates each day on its axis, that it revolves on an annual basis around the sun, and that other planets also revolve around the sun. Yet as revolutionary as this theory was, it was not proven to be true until Galileo observed the heavens and made some startling discoveries that provided that proof."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Baigrie, Brian. Scientific Revolutions: Primary Texts in the History of Science. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 2003.
- Cohen, Bernard. The Birth of a New Physics. New York: W.W. Norton, 1991.
- Westfall, Richard. The Construction of Modern Science: Mechanisms and Mechanics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978.
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Science and Religion in the 17th Century (2008, June 19) Retrieved September 24, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/science-and-religion-in-the-17th-century-104617/
"Science and Religion in the 17th Century" 19 June 2008. Web. 24 September. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/science-and-religion-in-the-17th-century-104617/>