Russian Culture and School Counseling Analytical Essay by Nicky

Russian Culture and School Counseling
This paper analyzes the Russian culture and applies the findings to the school counseling profession.
# 149468 | 2,203 words | 8 sources | APA | 2011 | US

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The paper examines the traits, norms and values of the Russian culture and finds that there is a Russian tendency to accept authority more easily, there is a sense of community and sharing and Russians tend to be less individualistic and more conservative in their approach to problem solving. The paper addresses how this knowledge can be used to construct effective intervention strategies, but emphasizes that the counsellor or therapist must be on guard that he or she does not presume cultural traits and become biased in assessment.

Overview of General Assumptions
Social Relationships and the Family
Attitudes Towards Activities and Problem Solving
Sex and Sexuality

From the Paper:

"One has also to take into account that the fact that Russia has in the last few decades undergone radical change in the nature and shape of the society, and that this has obviously had a complex impact of the Russian youth and will to a greater or lesser degree shape the way they react to society and to reality. In this regard we can refer to the view that radial change also can engender as certain 'nervousness' about the future. As one pundit states, "Russia has gone through several changes in the last few years. Visitors to Moscow just a couple of years ago would be very surprised at how "Western" downtown has become" ( Goehner). This also means that there have been changes in cultural mores and norms; for example, changes in the characteristic closeness and intimacy of Russian culture. As a critic notes, "Recent observation is that many Russians have less time for walks and talks" " ( Goehner). This leads to the question as to whether the "...Russian character of closely connected relationships can be compromised in the process of "getting ahead?" ( Goehner).
"The above point is mentioned as it is important for the counsellor in developing any intervention strategy to be aware of the complexity of the cultural structure. Even weather and geography can play a role in determining cultural aspects. In Russia the harsh cold environment has set cultural limits and potentialities."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Byers, E. S., & Slattery, G. (1997). Sexology in Russia and Estonia: Reflections on an Exchange. The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 6(1), 53+.
  • Dupont-Joshua, A. (Ed.). (2002). Working Inter-Culturally in Counselling Settings. New York: Brunner-Routledge. Retrieved July 21, 2009, from Questia database:
  • Elenkov, D. S. (1997). Differences and Similarities in Managerial Values between U.S. and Russian Managers: An Empirical Study. International Studies of Management & Organization, 27(1), 85+. Retrieved July 21, 2009, from Questia database:
  • Goehner D. Russian/ American Cultural Contrasts. Retrieved July 21, 2009, from
  • Messina J. Individual Counseling Theory and Practices: summary. Retrieved July 21, 2009, from

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

Russian Culture and School Counseling (2011, December 18) Retrieved August 04, 2020, from

MLA Format

"Russian Culture and School Counseling" 18 December 2011. Web. 04 August. 2020. <>