Polybius and the Roman Empire Analytical Essay by Master Researcher

Polybius and the Roman Empire
A discussion and critique of Polybius' views on the Roman Empire.
# 33298 | 1,400 words | 2 sources | MLA | 2002 | US
Published on Oct 03, 2003 in History (Greek and Roman)

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This paper examines the views of Polybius on the Roman Empire as a successful and organized form of government. The paper then discusses the obvious flaws in the Roman republic and addresses the key reasons which led to its decline; the decline in values, public health issues, political corruption, unemployment, inflation, inferior technology and high levels of military spending. The paper highlights how Polybius failed to see the dormant as well as obvious flaws of the structure of the Roman Empire that became the very reasons for its decline.

From the Paper:

"In this insightful piece of writing based on history, Polybius has presented his well-known version of the Roman form of government. The detailed account of the Roman history provided by Polybius has been more of an effort to view the Roman political structure and the activities of the Roman Republic Greek based on the Greek theory. The famous ancient historian, Polybius was of the view that the Roman Empire was a well-blended combination of three forms of constitution, which he referred to as monarchy, aristocracy and democracy. This concept of mixed constitution based on the famous Greek theory of Polybius compelled the ancient historian to staunchly believe that Roman Empire was successful and an organized form of governmental structure unlike the traditional belief. The reason why he firmly viewed and considered the Roman Empire a success was based on the faulty analysis and generalized historical interpretation of Roman Empire which Polybius studied in the light of Greek theory. Analyzing the Roman Empire in the Greek political framework created a contradictory view of the history of the Roman Empire."

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