Plato's Theory of Justice Analytical Essay by Top Papers

Plato's Theory of Justice
A study of Plato's beliefs and theory of justice.
# 131026 | 2,500 words | 1 source | MLA | 2006 | US
Published on Dec 01, 2006 in Literature (Greek and Roman) , Philosophy (Ancient Greek) , Sociology (General)

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"This paper is a critique of Johann Gottfried Stallbaum's (1793-1861) vague and generally accepted thesis that the true argument of "The Republic" is "the representation of human life in a State perfected by justice and governed according to the idea of good" . This paper contrasts a discussion of what justice refers to in Plato's thought and how justice is related to the Good as defined by Plato to the subtly deceptive and incomplete idea of Gottfried's exegesis.

From the Paper:

"Plato entitled his work "The Republic" because he was concerned with the practical application of politics in human society, specifically Athens. In Greek, the name "Politeia" means "Constitution" in contrast to Latin "res publica", "laws of the State;" Plato wanted to constitute a comity, a harmony of society, by ascertaining the nature of justice in the conduct of human living and in the construction of the State, which is the aim of the Socratic dialogue of "The Republic". Gottfried's definition, however, implies that the States's "perfected" justice will somehow rectify the life of human beings, which is a modern conception that dates from the French Revolution and is responsible for the development of the nation-state and the demise of justice as we know it in the reduction of the individual. Plato, as we shall see, will locate a definite and unalterable responsibility in the individual as well as the polis to ascertain the nature of justice and realize that comity in society, in the ideal state, the kallipolis.""

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