Person-Centered Vs. Gestalt Therapy
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The paper first outlines the basic idea of person-centered therapy and the person-centered therapeutic techniques. The paper then describes Gestalt therapy and its techniques and contrasts this form of therapy to person-centered therapy. The paper highlights the strengths and criticisms of both forms of therapy.
From the Paper:"Person-centered therapy was developed by the American psychologist Carl Rogers in the 1960s partially as an antidote to the directed approach of Freudian psychoanalysis. In person-centered therapy, the "client determines the general direction of therapy, while the therapist seeks to increase the client's insight and self-understanding through informal clarifying questions" (Person-centered therapy, 2008, Encyclopedia of mental disorders). The therapist offers the client unconditional acceptance, and attempts to achieve a state of total congruence or sympathetic emotional harmony with the client's current mental state, without validating the patient's self-defeating thinking patterns. Person-centered therapy has come to be associated with the modern self-esteem movement because it stresses self-actualization, or the client striving to reach goals set for him or herself, by him or herself, not by the therapist.
"Unsurprisingly, critics of the self-esteem movement have often taken person-centered therapy to task for encouraging the client to simply wallow in his or her problems, without undertaking positive actions to change. The more probing technique of Gestalt therapy, developed earlier in the century, stands in marked contrast to person-centered therapy, even though it also strives to create a holistic state of being within the self of the client. However, person-centered therapists would disagree that they merely engage in 'touchy feely' self- validation. Their approach, although non-directive and not overtly critical can be quite effective in creating real and meaningful change. It is the client who must decide he or she wants to change, not the therapist."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Gestalt therapy. (2008). Encyclopedia of mental disorders. Retrieved July 27, 2009 athttp://www.minddisorders.com/Flu-Inv/Gestalt-therapy.html
- Person-centered therapy. (2008). Encyclopedia of mental disorders. Retrieved July 27, 2009 at http://www.minddisorders.com/Ob-Ps/Person-centered-therapy.html
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Person-Centered Vs. Gestalt Therapy (2011, December 28) Retrieved November 27, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/person-centered-vs-gestalt-therapy-149683/
"Person-Centered Vs. Gestalt Therapy" 28 December 2011. Web. 27 November. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/person-centered-vs-gestalt-therapy-149683/>