Orwell and More on Utopia Analytical Essay by Master Researcher

Orwell and More on Utopia
A study of the concept of utopia using the works of Orwell and More.
# 36398 | 1,400 words | 6 sources | MLA | 2002 | US
Published on Oct 07, 2003 in Political Science (Political Theory) , Political Science (General)

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This paper examines George Orwell's bleak fantasy of life in his work, "1984" as well as Thomas Mores work "Utopia" on the ideal society. The paper discusses how many theoreticians have argued that there is no place for utopia after the two great nightmares of the twentieth century, fascism and Communism. The paper highlights how in Orwell' work, the absence of a clearly defined written criminal law leaves punishment and imprisonment up to the whim of individuals, and unless men were vigilant in the defense of their rights, men would have no rights other than those granted them by a supreme Party of Government. The paper also discusses how Sir Thomas believed that laws should be simple, understandable and immediately accessible to every citizen, so that no lawyer, for the prosecution or the defense, could bend them out of shape and change their original meaning.

From the Paper:

"The subject of society and the scenario of a utopia have fascinated people for years and beyond. Its a dream that has been with held regardless of the various attempts made to attain such a state. Literary works have been written on the subject and revolutions have taken place for it. Yet, the concept of utopia as a practical institution remains as elusive as ever. The politics of Utopia are usually a failure as they are based on the economics of the matter and have little to do with the ideology. Utopia cannot succeed for the simple reason that it presents a concept of power and the people more often than not abuse power. Utopia would be the belief that all men are good and there are no inherent laws necessary to guide people and differentiate between moral and social values. Yet, Utopia is impossible, as laws are necessary to guide people and differentiate the rights from wrong. (Meyers pp. 251)
"Orwell understood how ideology and theory are often a smokescreen for the abuse of power. He liked to expose the orthodoxy's used to justify intellectual and political bullying. He showed us how all tyrannical movements hide their love of power behind a supposed love of truth, and justify it under the name of communism, nationalism, fascism or some other convenient ism."

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