Operational Evaluations in Policing Analytical Essay by Nicky

An evaluation of the units of analysis utilized in the Rutgers' study, "Do Police Matter? An Analysis of the Impact of New York City Police Reforms".
# 150015 | 779 words | 2 sources | APA | 2011 | US
Published on Jan 19, 2012 in Criminology (General)

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The paper identifies the three specific units of analysis used by the Rutgers "Do Police Matter? An Analysis of the Impact of New York City Police Reforms" study and highlights the weaknesses of these units of analysis. The paper then considers possible alternative units of analysis for future study.

Units of Analysis Used by the Rutgers Study
Conceptual Criticisms of the Units of Analysis Used by the Rutgers Study
Alternative Units of Analysis for Future Study

From the Paper:

"In principle, the units of analysis used in the Rutgers study are logically relevant and appropriate to the analysis of police operations. However, several unique aspects of the New York City community in particular may undermine the analytical value of those units of measure. Specifically, the five boroughs of New York City (Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island) comprise a tremendously varied population with large sections of each county reflecting racial, ethnic, age, income, and other socioeconomic variables. Likewise crime rate and the types of crimes in each borough and in different neighborhoods in all five NYC boroughs are substantially different.
"As a result, changes in crime rates and patterns of specific crimes in the entire New York City area including all five city boroughs is somewhat unlikely to yield meaningful analyses. At best, the first unit of analysis used by the Rutgers study provides little more than a reliable average of changes over much too great a geographic areas and demographic range to be especially helpful in understanding anything much more specific or meaningful about the contribution of policing operational effectiveness.
"The second unit of analysis, the detailed review of crime statistics in six specific precincts likely provides a more accurate view of relevant patterns in the immediate geographic areas covered by those precincts but is less likely to provide accurate information of the New York City neighborhoods not immediately adjacent to the service areas served by those precincts. Since this unit of analysis provides little (if any) corresponding information of the city's remaining seventy precincts, representing nearly ninety-two percent of the city's population by geographic breakdown."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Conlon, E. (2004). Blue Blood. New York: Riverhead Press.
  • Kelling, G., and Sousa, W. (2001). "Do Police Matter? An Analysis of the Impact of New York City Police Reforms."

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

Operational Evaluations in Policing (2012, January 19) Retrieved June 02, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/operational-evaluations-in-policing-150015/

MLA Format

"Operational Evaluations in Policing" 19 January 2012. Web. 02 June. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/operational-evaluations-in-policing-150015/>