Non-Violent Resistance in the Philosophies of Gandhi and King
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The paper discusses how both King and Gandhi believed that violent resistance was a dead end, and that it was only through peaceful protest that a permanent change in society could take effect. The paper highlights the similarities in their philosophies and points out that Gandhi was one of King's biggest influences. The paper also highlights, however, differences in the circumstances they had to confront, as well as in their fundamental beliefs and underlying philosophy.
From the Paper:"Both Gandhi and King saw violent resistance as a dead end. Only by avoiding violence can anyone achieve a permanent positive change in society. Anima Bose explains Gandhi's philosophy: "To punish and destroy the oppressor is to initiate a cycle of violence and hatred. The only real liberation is that which liberates both the oppressor and the oppressed" (162). For King, a repressed people can remain repressed for only so long. "The Negro has many pent-up resentments and latent frustrations, and he must release them... If his repressed emotions are not released in nonviolent ways, they will seek expression through violence; this is not a threat but a fact of history" (King 506). Further, King writes that they would "seek solace and security in black-nationalist ideologies - a development that would inevitably lead to a frightening racial nightmare" (506). While he does not specify it here, King suggests that this too would initiate, or continue, an unproductive cycle of violence and hatred where no one wins."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Bose, Anima. "A Gandhian Perspective on Peace."Journal of Peace Research, Vol 18, No 2, 1981. Web.
- Gier, Nick. Gandhi and King: Saints of Non-Violence. New York: SUNY Press, 2004. Print.
- King Jr, Martin Luther. A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr. Ed. James Washington. New York:Harper One, 2003. Print.
- King Jr, Martin Luther. "Letter From Birmingham Jail."The Norton Reader, 13thEdition. Ed. Linda Peterson, et al. New York: W.W. Norton, 2012. Print.
- Orwell, George. "Reflections on Gandhi", Partisan Review, Jan. 1949. Web.
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Non-Violent Resistance in the Philosophies of Gandhi and King (2013, December 18) Retrieved January 29, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/non-violent-resistance-in-the-philosophies-of-gandhi-and-king-153775/
"Non-Violent Resistance in the Philosophies of Gandhi and King" 18 December 2013. Web. 29 January. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/non-violent-resistance-in-the-philosophies-of-gandhi-and-king-153775/>