Nature vs. Nurture in Human Cloning
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This paper explains that, although currently human cloning is banned, the presupposition is that human cloning has or will be used to produce not two identical twins but rather clones of parents that will then be biologically related to these infertile parents. Next, the author reviews the theories behind the nature argument that the cloned human have a personality more closely matched to the person from which he or she was created or the nurture argument that the clone would be a completely unique person as a result of environmental influences. The paper concludes that, regardless of the position on the nature vs. nurture debate, the ethical concerns about human cloning will remain.
From the Paper:"The bio-psychosocial perspective of the debate would indicate that like identical twins living in different times and likely different places and therefore environments the two individuals would be a lot alike in temperament and personality but would still become different people. Furthermore as it would be impossible to completely reproduce the real environment of the donor the clone would therefore logically be offered different opportunities which would result in real individuality.
"The clone's adult personality still would resemble more likely closely that of the donor but would not be an exact match of the other. The issue of temperament has a great deal to do with decisions, as when certain offerings are made to the individual infant, the individual infant will likely respond in a consistent manner according to his or her temperament. Temperament, according to Myers, is the least variable aspect of the individual, as seen by adoptive studies associated with what adoptive parent's can influence or change and what they can not.
"The adult personality of monozygotic twins clearly differs, despite the fact that they share exactly the same DNA and presumably grew up in the same household."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Brannigan, M. C. (Ed.). (2001). Ethical Issues in Human Cloning Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives. New York: Seven Bridges Press.
- The Case for Human Reproductive Cloning. (2002, November/December). Canadian Speeches, 16, 20.
- Mathur, S. (2006). Diasporic Body Double: The Art of the Singh Twins. Art Journal, 65(2), 34.
- Myers, D. G. (2006) Psychology Eight Edition in Modules. New York: Worth Publishing
- Parker, M., & Bergmark, R. E. (2005). Exploring Twins; towards a Social Analysis of Twinship. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 36(2), 350.
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Nature vs. Nurture in Human Cloning (2011, November 21) Retrieved October 25, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/nature-vs-nurture-in-human-cloning-149047/
"Nature vs. Nurture in Human Cloning" 21 November 2011. Web. 25 October. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/nature-vs-nurture-in-human-cloning-149047/>