Mussolini's Foreign Policy Goals Analytical Essay by Nicky

An examination of Mussolini's foreign policy goals and successes.
# 151491 | 3,661 words | 7 sources | MLA | 2012 | US
Published on Jun 11, 2012 in History (Leaders) , History (European - 20th Century)

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The paper discusses Mussolini's belief that Italy should take an expansionist approach to foreign policy and then looks at the background on Italy and at Mussolini's domestic policy. The paper discusses his success in Corfu, his negotiations with Yugoslavia to obtain Fiume, his partnership with Hitler and how the Four Power Pact was a significant symbolic victory for Mussolini. The paper also describes Mussolini's political maneuvering to position Italy to take over vulnerable countries, his conquest of Abyssinia and his support of Franco in the Spanish Civil War. The paper highlights how Mussolini managed to expand Italy beyond its territorial limits, and his key alliances protected him from German aggression during World War II, enabled Germany to gear up for a war in Western Europe and probably kept Spain from joining the Allies in World War II. The paper therefore concludes that Mussolini was successful in accomplishing some of his foreign policy goals, even if those successes were short-lived.

From the Paper:

"Italy also failed in its endeavors to emulate Great Britain as a colonial power. Part of this may have been due to the fact that, by the late 1800s/ early 1900s, the days of imperialism were coming to an end, or it may have been due to a failure of leadership in Italy. Regardless of the reason, Italy was unable to colonize Abyssinia. "Because of its lack of success in both domestic and foreign affairs, the parliamentary government became a symbol of decadence and corruption-- it was neither trusted nor respected by the people." This situation was exacerbated by Italy's entrance into the First World War. Rather than gaining the large territorial settlement it expected when entering into the war, Italy only received a portion of the territories it was promised when it decided to enter into the war. As a result, many Italians viewed their country as weak in foreign policy.
"Because of dissatisfaction with Italy's foreign and domestic policies, many Italians began to support the Socialist Party and the Catholic Popular Party, which substantially changed the structure of Italian government. Furthermore, labor strikes in the country helped redistribute labor and wealth. Despite those successes, the Socialists were unable to seize power in Italy. As a result, the Socialist Party split into factions, including the Communist Party."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Boyer, Burt. "Franco & the Jews." Hitler: Stopped by Franco. 2001. Hitler: Stopped by Franco. 9 Nov. 2009 <>.
  • Breacher, Michael and Jonathan Wilkenfeld. A Study of Crisis. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1997.
  • Chen. C. Peter. "Invasion of Sicily and Italy's Surrender." World War II Database. 2009. WW2DB. 9 Nov. 2009 <>.
  • Chung, TK. "Fascist Italy." Totalitarianism. 2009. 9 Nov. 2009 <>.
  • Clare, John D. "Describe Italy's Invasion of Abyssinia (1935-6) and what the League of Nations Did about It." Greenfield History Site. 2002/2008. Greenfield History Site. 9 Nov. 2009 <>.

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

Mussolini's Foreign Policy Goals (2012, June 11) Retrieved March 02, 2024, from

MLA Format

"Mussolini's Foreign Policy Goals" 11 June 2012. Web. 02 March. 2024. <>