Methodist Founder John Wesley Analytical Essay by Nicky

Methodist Founder John Wesley
Looks at the enduring influence of John Wesley, founder of the Methodist church, as a revolutionary in his theology, philosophy and social ethics.
# 145046 | 1,635 words | 9 sources | MLA | 2010 | US
Published on Oct 24, 2010 in History (Leaders) , History (Religion) , Religion and Theology (Christianity)

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This paper explains that John Wesley's theology was different from Catholic, Lutheran or Calvinist because it contradicted the prevailing thought of the 18th century that man was not obligated to effect his own salvation. Next, the author points out Wesley's contributions not only through his religious position but also his strong social advocacy as an educator in areas such as anti-slavery, support of the needy and prison reform. The paper underscores that Wesley also was interested in the sciences to help others in the area of medicine.

From the Paper:

"When Wesley sailed to Georgia in 1735 as a missionary, he was already making his mark in religion. While attending Oxford, he co-founded the student group, The Holy Club, which aimed to be methodical about their personal holiness, and coined the term "Methodists." Wesley believed that some things were too critical to be left to only those times when you felt like doing them; a methodical, systematic approach was necessary. He left America only a few years later, thinking that he had failed in his mission. Yet, George Whitefield had "been awakened" by Wesley's concept of righteousness."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Bangs, Mildred. John Wesley: Christian Revolutionary. Kansas City: Beacon Hill, 1970
  • Collier, Frank. John Wesley Among the Scientists. New York: Abingdon, 1928.
  • Haas, J.W. John Wesley's Views on Science and Christianity: an Examination of the Charge of Antiscience. Church History. 63.3 (1994), 378.
  • Kaspar, Walter. Celebration of the 300th Anniversary of the Birth of John Wesley. Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity. 2003 7 December, 2008.
  • Holifield, E. Brooks. Health and Medicine in the Methodist Tradition New York: Crossroad, 1986.

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