Metaphysics Surrender vs Free Will Analytical Essay by Nicky

An analytical essay discussing the philosophical implications of free will versus destiny.
# 149783 | 5,021 words | 11 sources | APA | 2011 | US
Published on Jan 01, 2012 in Philosophy (Metaphysics)

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This analytical essay discusses the philosophic divisions between determinists and those that believe in free will. Providing an introduction on the subject, the paper then continues on to provide a review of various literature on the subject. The summary provides a look at the U.S. society and its teachings of free will or choice, and also supporting institutions that provide the view that there is already a divine plan in place. The writer argues this is highly contradictory.

Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Review of Literature
Chapter 3 Methods
Chapter 4 Findings
Chapter 5 Summary and Conclusion

From the Paper:

"There is a school of thought that says that everything we do, regardless of how we perceive our choices the outcomes are predetermined. Ultimately, there is no real answer to this question as the outcomes of our decisions, in learned experience seem to create a linear reality of time that takes us from one outcome to the next, depending on our own decisions and behaviors. Even surrendering to our so called "destiny" is an act of free will as we choose not to act and that influences the outcome. The reason there is no real answer to this question has to do with the fact that predetermination is undetectable. There is no way to see such a phenomenon and therefore if or if it does not exist becomes a question of faith. Faith therefore creates the answer for each individual, it does not exclude predetermination nor include it as a concrete and accepted fact of reality because faith as such is also intangible. Yet, more recent theories attempt to marry the two concepts by making them less mutually exclusive and by seeking concrete and science based answers to the questions of determinism. The pulls of nature and nurture dominate the modern ideology surrounding this once purely metaphysical question and challenge the very fiber of independence yet the society in which we live supports through institutional development the idea that we as individuals have ultimate free will. Two of the ways in which this ideology of free will and rugged independence, rather than determinism, is reflected by this society is the growth of prisons and schools in the modern era. Schools begin the process of teaching right from wrong when making decisions a free will and prisons exclude members of society who have not effectively used free will for the good."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Bobzien, S. (1998). Determinism and Freedom in Stoic Philosophy. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Brint, S.G. (2006) Schools and Societies. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
  • Ellwood, D. T. (1988). Poor Support: Poverty in the American Family. New York: Basic Books.
  • Franken, Robert E. (2007). Human Motivation (6th ed). Belmont, CA: Thomson Higher Education.
  • Haji, I. (2002). Deontic Morality and Control. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

Metaphysics Surrender vs Free Will (2012, January 01) Retrieved August 21, 2019, from

MLA Format

"Metaphysics Surrender vs Free Will" 01 January 2012. Web. 21 August. 2019. <>