Leibniz's Universe and Free Will Analytical Essay by Master Researcher

Leibniz's Universe and Free Will
An examination of Leibniz's theory of free will.
# 38060 | 1,900 words | 3 sources | MLA | 2002 | US
Published on Sep 30, 2003 in Philosophy (Metaphysics) , Philosophy (Religion)


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Description:

The paper provides a brief outline of Leibniz's argument concerning pre-determination and includes an analysis of the objections at each point, starting with objections against Leibniz's apparent contradictions with freedom. The main objective of this paper is to provide support for the thesis that Leibniz's notion of free will is acceptable in atheism, and that its main 'flaws' lie in its incompatibility with the notion of God as creator or Aristotelian 'prime mover.'

Outline:
Outline Of Leibniz's Metaphysics
Criticisms Of Leibniz's Metaphysic of Freedom
Conclusion

From the Paper:

"Leibniz's philosophy is fundamentally built around the idea of the monad - self-contained subjects, which contain within them all of their predicates. This parallels Kant's later notion of the analytic, which also contains all of its logically possible predicates. If a subject contains within it all of its relational qualities with other subjects - past, present and future - then the entire universe can be deduced by the study of that one subject. On the surface, this seems to imply that everything is prewritten; from creation, if in the very first subject all of the future universe was mirrored, the entire universe as we know it was pre-destined. Pre-destination disallows freedom, therefore Leibniz's philosophy disallows freedom. However, this is a gross simplification of his arguments, and much was ignored in the passage above. Most subjects may have a finite number of relational qualities. If justifying predestination is not Leibniz's goal, then his metaphysics must support the theory that subjects have a finite number of relational qualities."

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Leibniz's Universe and Free Will (2003, September 30) Retrieved September 22, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/leibniz-universe-and-free-will-38060/

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