Kant, Utilitarianism and Nestle
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The paper discusses Kant's thesis on morality and explains act utilitarianism and rule utilitarianism. The paper then presents the ethical factors in Nestle's marketing of baby formula in third world countries where children would be healthier, and have a better chance of survival, if fed breast-milk. The paper looks at this scenario using the philosophical precepts of Kant and utilitarianism and reaches several conclusions.
From the Paper:"Kant presents three propositions about duty. First, is the will that is a morally good action if it is done in accordance from duty? Second, is that actions are judged by the "maxim" or principle that was the motivation behind the action. Third, explains that is not the respect for the law, but rather it is the moral motivation of an individual who recognizes that the law is an imperative of reason that goes beyond our other interests. The will is of practical reason. One acts by the conceptions of laws. The discipline of action is a will. Our action based on our judgment is defined an imperative or a command to act on a certain motive (Ibid).
"An imperative can be either hypothetical or categorical. In the hypothetical imperative one acts in a certain way if one will obtain or achieve a certain goal, based on a previous circumstance. Thus, this type of action cannot be universally valid at all times. The categorical imperative is acting being necessary without any intended results; it has motivation and respect for law. One performs its duty instead of pursuing its own desires or maxims. " Act according to maxims which you can at the same time have for their object themselves as universal laws" (Kant, 2008, p. 42)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Flikschuh, K. (2000). Kant and Modern Political Philosophy. Cambridge UniversityPress.
- "How Can Multinationals Balance Ethics With Profits?" (December 23, 2002). BBC News World Edition. Cited in:http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/talking_point/2590163.stm
- Kant, I. (2008). On The Metaphysics of Morals and Ethics:: Kant: Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, Introduction to the Metaphysic of Morals, The MetaphysicalElements of Ethics. Wilder.
- Mulgan, T. (2007). Understanding Utilitarianism. Acumen Publishing.
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Kant, Utilitarianism and Nestle (2011, December 22) Retrieved February 26, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/kant-utilitarianism-and-nestle-149541/
"Kant, Utilitarianism and Nestle" 22 December 2011. Web. 26 February. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/kant-utilitarianism-and-nestle-149541/>