Judith Jarvis Thomson's Philosophical Writings Analytical Essay by scribbler

Judith Jarvis Thomson's Philosophical Writings
A review of the writings and philosophic positions of Judith Jarvis Thomson.
# 153076 | 1,688 words | 4 sources | APA | 2013 | US
Published on May 02, 2013 in Women Studies (Philosophy) , Hot Topics (Abortion)

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The paper reviews Judith Jarvis Thomson's work, "A Defense of Abortion" and outlines her arguments and the arguments she brings that could be made in rebuttal to her own position. Next, the paper examines her book "Goodness and Advice" and reviews her argument that there is a "fact-value gap" in society. Finally, the paper analyzes Kenneth G. Ferguson's rebuttal of Thomson's work.

Judith Jarvis Thomson
A Defense of Abortion - Judith Jarvis Thompson
Judith Jarvis Thomson - Goodness and Advice

From the Paper:

"This essay was written in 1971, two years prior to the landmark abortion case called Roe v Wade, a decision in the US Supreme Court. The High Court held that the constitutional right to privacy applied to a woman's decision as to whether or not to carry a child through from conception to birth. Thomson begins her treatise by reviewing the classic argument by the right to life (RTL) community that the fetus is a real child from the time of conception through birth. But then she goes into her philosophical back and forth questioning, which is part of what makes a philosopher (think Socrates).
"After pointing out that an acorn isn't an oak tree until it reaches maturity, she embraces the "slippery slope argument" - that is, such an analogy is teetering on a slippery slope and at any moment could slide into obscurity. "The premise is false," Thomson writes, because a "newly fertilized ovum, a newly implanted clump of cells, is no more a person than an acorn is an oak tree" (p. 1). Those who oppose abortion spend a lot of time making the point that a fetus is a real person, Thomson complains, and "...hardly any time explaining the step from there to the impermissibility of abortion." Why do they take so much time? Thomson believes they are either being "economical in argument" or perhaps they believe "the step is too simple and obvious" and hence, they don't need to justify the position."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Ferguson, Kenneth G. (2004). The Smuggler's Fallacy. Metaphilosophy, 35(5), 648-660.
  • Gutmann, Amy. (2003). "Introduction" in Goodness and Advice, Eds. J. Thomson, P. Fisher,M. Nussbaum, and B. Smith. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
  • Thompson, Judith Jarvis. (1971). A Defense of Abortion. Philosophy & Public Affairs. 1(1),Reprinted in Intervention and Reflection: Basic Issues in Medical Ethics, 5th edition, Ed.R. Munson. Belmont: Wadsworth, 1996, 69-80.
  • Thompson, Judith Jarvis. (2003). "Goodness" in Goodness and Advice, Eds. J. Thomson, P. Fisher, M. Nussbaum, and B. Smith. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Cite this Analytical Essay:

APA Format

Judith Jarvis Thomson's Philosophical Writings (2013, May 02) Retrieved August 11, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/judith-jarvis-thomson-philosophical-writings-153076/

MLA Format

"Judith Jarvis Thomson's Philosophical Writings" 02 May 2013. Web. 11 August. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/judith-jarvis-thomson-philosophical-writings-153076/>