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This paper explains that, in the field of investigative psychology, psychological profiling, criminal profiling, geographical profiling, equivocal death analysis and racial or ethical profiling are used to gather information about people. However, the author underscores that there has been very little research on the utility, reliability and validity of criminal profiling. The paper also discusses mass murders, serial killers, product tampering, school violence and workplace violence as related to investigative psychology.
From the Paper:"Psychological profiling is the psychological description of a person or persons in general, criminal or noncriminal. Criminal profiling is the process of categorizing personality traits, behavioral patterns, geographic habits, and demographic features of an offender based on characteristics of the crime. It can be considered a skill or an activity that is part of the investigative psychology. Geographical processing is a method of identifying the area of probable residence or the probable area of the next crime of an unknown offender based on the location of and the spatial relationships among various crime sites. Geographical processing can help in any criminal investigation of an unknown offender by locating the approximate area in which they live, or by narrowing the surveillance and stakeouts to places where the next crime by the offender is most likely to occur. Equivocal death analysis, also called reconstructive psychological evaluation is the reconstruction of the emotional life, behavior patterns, and cognitive features of a deceased person. In this sense, it is a postmortem psychological analysis and is often referred to as a psychological autopsy. Racial or ethnic profiling is thought to be police commenced action that relies on the race, ethnicity or national origin rather than the actions of an individual or information that leads to criminal activity."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Bartol, Curt R. and Bartol, Anne M. (2010). Multiple Murder, School and Workplace Violence. Criminal Behavior: A Psychological Approach. (p. 53-84). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Investigative Psychology (2013, March 21) Retrieved January 17, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/investigative-psychology-152580/
"Investigative Psychology" 21 March 2013. Web. 17 January. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/investigative-psychology-152580/>