Intelligence and Literacy in United States Society Analytical Essay by tpmaven

Intelligence and Literacy in United States Society
Analyzes and compares articles by Howard Gardner and Jonathan Kozol on the subject.
# 67208 | 855 words | 2 sources | MLA | 2006 | US

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This paper presents an analysis of essays written by Howard Gardner ("Who Owns Intelligence?") and Jonathan Kozol ("The Human Cost of an Illiterate Society") on intelligence and literacy in American society today. The paper also contrasts the two essays.

From the Paper:

"Kozol does not concern himself as much with "types" of intelligence, but rather, what the "lack" of literacy does to a person's self-worth, which in turn relates to how he or she perceives himself/herself and how the person is perceived by society: "Resisting the definition of oneself in terms of what one cannot do, what others take for granted, represents a need so great that other imperatives (even one so urgent as the need to keep one's home in winter's cold) evaporate and fall away in place of fear. Even the loss of home and shelter, in this case, is not so terrifying as the loss of self." (Kozol) One could logically assume that an illiterate would have lesser amounts of Gardner's eight intelligences, as literacy is required for each of them, in one respect or another."

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Intelligence and Literacy in United States Society (2006, July 02) Retrieved December 01, 2022, from

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"Intelligence and Literacy in United States Society" 02 July 2006. Web. 01 December. 2022. <>