Ideology: Cause and Effect
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This paper deals with the problems of ideology and its societal implications, including its impact on both politics and economics. The author attempts to provide a comprehensive but brief overview of the ideology and its social character. Various ideologies are discussed, including the Marxist approach, and numerous scholars of ideology are quoted. The paper also presents a definition of ideology. Other terminology as it relates to ideology is also defined and explored within the text. The paper concludes by stating that in order to alleviate the negative impact of the modern political ideologies, one has to return to the notions of solidarity and mutual responsibility.
From the Paper:"According to the Marxist approach, the ideology can be viewed as both a "conception of the world" that enshrines rules of social interaction and enables individuals to understand their social positions according to the prevalent arrangements (Gramsci, 1971, p. 328), and as a "system (with its own logic) of representations (images, myths, ideas or concepts, depending on the case) endowed with a historical existence and role within a given society" (Althusser, 1969, p. 231). As such, ideology is "matter of the lived relation between men and their world" (Althusser, 1969, p. 232). According to Althusser, rather than accurately representing objective social reality, ideological experience "expresses a will, ... a hope, or nostalgia" of the social actors as regards their immediate social activity.
"Such a position may be found somewhat similar to the recent views of social psychology theorists with regard to the attitudinal and behavioral functions of ideology. Even though Greenwood, Suddaby, and Hinings (2002) referred to theorization, rather than "ideology", they clearly viewed social theorization as "the development and specification of abstract categories and the elaboration of chains of cause and effect" (p. 60), which is in many ways similar to the conventional notion of ideology. "
Sample of Sources Used:
- Althusser, L. (1969). For Marx. London: Verso.
- Berger, P., & Luckmann, T. (1966). The social construction of reality. A treatise in the sociology of knowledge. New York, London: Penguin.
- Gramsci, A. (1971). Selections from the prison notebooks. London: Lawrence and Wishart.
- Greenwood, R., Suddaby, R., & Hinings, C.R. (2002). Theorizing change: The role of professional associations in the transformation of institutionalized fields. Academy of Management Journal, 45 (1), 58-80.
- Delmestri, G. (2009). Institutional streams, logics and fields. In R.E. Meyer, K. Sahlin, M.J. Ventresca, P, Walgenbach (Eds.), Institutions and Ideology (pp. 115-144). Bignley, BD: Emerald Group Publishing.
Cite this Analytical Essay:
Ideology: Cause and Effect (2012, October 26) Retrieved February 28, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/ideology-cause-and-effect-151921/
"Ideology: Cause and Effect" 26 October 2012. Web. 28 February. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/analytical-essay/ideology-cause-and-effect-151921/>